from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A spirited dance popular in France in the 16th and 17th centuries.
- n. The triple-time music for this dance.
- adj. Archaic Spirited; lively; gay.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A lively dance, popular in 16th- and 17th-century Europe
- n. The triple-time music for this dance
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- adj. Gay; brisk; active.
- n. A brisk, gay man.
- n. A gay, lively dance. Cf. gailliarde.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Brisk; gay; lively; jaunty.
- n. A brisk, lively man; a gay, jaunty fellow: as, “Selden is a galliard,”
- n. A spirited dance for two dancers only, common in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries: one of the precursors of the minuet. Also called romanesca.
- n. Music written for such a dance, or in its rhythm, which is triple and emphatic, but not rapid.
- n. A term used in northern England for a sandstone or grit of particularly close and uniform texture.
On p. 64 Arbeau treats of the Lavolta ( 'high lavolt' of Shakespeare), which he says is a kind of galliard well known in Provence.
An omnivorous troubadour, he roves from Manchester libraries to Colombian villages to salvage musical traditions – with recordings that move from Berber beats to the raptures of a raga, from the thrilling stillness of an Armenian lament to the sprightliness of an Elizabethan galliard.
Then she could hear him resume his walk through the room, and, as if his spirits had been somewhat relieved and elevated by the survey of his wardrobe, she could distinguish that at one turn he half recited a sonnet, at another half whistled a galliard, and at the third hummed a saraband.
I will be answerable that this galliard meant but some
Why, I can be a wild galliard in a corner as well as thou, man.
“I think,” replied Morton, “that if the young galliard resemble a certain ancient friend of ours, as much in the craft of his disposition as he does in eye and in brow, there may be a wide difference betwixt what he means and what he speaks.”
I did think, by the excellent constitution of thy leg, it was formed under the star of a galliard.
Alternatively, he may be well aware of the specific and tragic past occasions on which he has heard the galliard, perhaps being able to give detailed affective, temporal, and contextual information about those past experiences, and perhaps even to use this knowledge to work through the revived emotions.
In a letter to Mersenne, Descartes asks why "what makes one man want to dance may make another want to cry": it may be, he suggests, that the second man has "never heard a galliard without some affliction befalling him", so that he cries
The adventurous contraband trade which prevails throughout these mountain regions, and along the maritime borders of Andalusia, is doubtless at the bottom of this galliard character.
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