from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. See nitrocellulose.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. nitrocellulose
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. a general name for a series of explosive nitric ethers of cellulose, obtained by steeping cotton in nitric and sulphuric acids. Although there are formed substances containing nitric acid radicals, yet the results exactly resemble ordinary cotton in appearance. It burns without ash, with explosion if confined, but quietly and harmlessly if free and open, and in small quantity. Specifically, the lower nitrates of cellulose which are insoluble in ether and alcohol in distinction from the highest (pyroxylin) which is soluble. See Pyroxylin, and cf. Xyloidin. The gun cottons are used for blasting and somewhat in gunnery: for making celluloid when compounded with camphor; and the soluble variety (pyroxylin) for making collodion. See Celluloid, and Collodion. Gun cotton is frequenty but improperly called nitrocellulose. It is not a nitro compound, but an ester of nitric acid.
- See under gun.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A general name for the nitrates of cellulose, prepared by digesting cotton or other form of cellulose in nitric acid, or preferably in a mixture of nitric and sulphuric acids.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a nitric acid ester; used in lacquers and explosives
Sorry, no etymologies found.