Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A condition marked by black, tarry stool or vomit composed largely of blood that has been acted on by gastric juices, resulting from a hemorrhage along the digestive tract.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A passage of dark, tarry stools containing blood, as the result of upper gastrointestinal bleeding.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. See melæna.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. abnormally dark tarry feces containing blood (usually from gastrointestinal bleeding)

Etymologies

New Latin melēna, from Greek melaina, feminine of melās, black.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • I call up the GI doc at 2AM for an uninsured encephalopathic liver failure patient with melena, and I'm going to get an earful. 100% of the time.

    Insufferable Twits and "Shitty Consults"

  • There was no nausea, vomiting, anorexia, weight loss, black/tarry stools, melena or bright red rectal bleeding.

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  • If needed: diazepam (PO): 15 mg/d divided in 3 doses for a brief period (5-10 days) - If severe pain continues, exclude perforation: examine abdomen for peritonism, PR exam for rectal blood (melena on glove), keep under observation, surgical referral if necessary.

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  • The resin of the trunk is a useful application to ulcers and in India they give it internally to cure la melena, the dose, one "tola" mixed with the same amount of _manga_ resin and a little lime water.

    The Medicinal Plants of the Philippines

  • Indeed, peptic ulcers are the most common cause of acute upper Gastro Intestinal bleeding which may manifest as blood in vomiting (haemetemesis) or dark-tarry stool (melena).

    Khaleej Times : UAE News

  • Complications after RFA included melena (dark tarry stool) and difficulty swallowing.

    PhysOrg.com - latest science and technology news stories

  • Have you experienced any signs of bleeding (including hematochezia, melena or hematemesis)?

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  • • Rectal exam may show melena / guaiac+ stool from occult blood loss • Signs of peritonitis with perforation

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  • Signs and Symptoms of PUD • Epigastric pain is most common symptom • Pain described as gnawing or burning • May radiate to the back (consider penetration) • Occurs 1-3 hours after meals or at night • Relieved by food, antacids (duodenal), or vomiting (gastric) • Dyspepsia including belching / bloating • Hematemesis or melena with GI bleeding

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  • Tarry stools (melena) (more likely related to upper gastrointestinal eg stomach or duodenal disease) * Feeling of incomplete defecation (tenesmus) (usually associated with

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