American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Causing deprivation, lack, or loss.
- adj. Grammar Altering the meaning of a term from positive to negative.
- n. Grammar A privative prefix or suffix, such as a-, non-, un-, or -less.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Causing privation or destitution.
- Depending on or consisting in privation in the logical sense.
- In grammar: Changing the sense of a word from positive to negative: as, a privative prefix;
ἀ- or ἀν- privative.
- Predicating negation: as, a privative word.
- n. That which depends on, or of which the essence is, the absence of something else, as silence, which exists by the absence of sound.
- n. In grammar: A prefix to a word which changes its signification and gives it a contrary sense, as un- in unwise, in- in inhuman, an- in anarchy, a- in achromatic.
- n. A word which not only predicates negation of a quality in an object, but also involves the notion that the absent quality is naturally inherent in it, and is absent through loss or some other privative cause.
- adj. Causing privation.
- adj. In grammar indicating the absence of something.
- n. Something that causes privation or indicates an absence.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Causing privation; depriving.
- adj. Consisting in the absence of something; not positive; negative.
- adj. (Gram.) Implying privation or negation; giving a negative force to a word; ; -- applied to such prefixes and suffixes as
a-(Gr. �), un-, non-, -less.
- n. That of which the essence is the absence of something.
- n. (Logic) A term indicating the absence of any quality which might be naturally or rationally expected; -- called also
- n. (Gram.) A privative prefix or suffix. See Privative, a., 3.
- Middle English privatif, from Latin prīvātīvus, from prīvātus, past participle of prīvāre, to deprive; see private. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The names called privative, therefore, connote two things: the absence of certain attributes, and the presence of others, from which the presence also of the former might naturally have been expected.”
“The names called privative, therefore, connote two things; the absence of certain attributes, and the presence of others, from which the presence also of the former might naturally have been expected.”
“To be without some faculty or to possess it is not the same as the corresponding 'privative' or 'positive'.”
“The ancients thought that this stone had the power of dispelling drunkenness in all who wore or touched it, and hence its Greek name formed from a_, "privative," and _methuo,”
“privative', to be blind is to be in a state of privation, but is not a”
“And to add, the reason why the privative *n̥- was prefixed was probably because the negative adverb from which it derives, *ne, was likewise preposed to the verb, the reason for which I've already explained before in Negational particles, negational verbs and negational adverbs.”
“So, basically his policy is to privative or remove govn't support from healthcare?”
“Certainly the positions some prominent tea-party favorites have taken — notably their support for plans to partially privative Social Security — will provide ammunition for Democrats across the board in coming weeks.”
“Thus the mind distinguishes an existential meaning by which C is and a privative meaning by which C is not B or anything else negated of it.”
“Ultimately, essences are privative and, citing Ibn al-˜Arabi, they ˜have never smelt the fragrance of being™.”
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