from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The natural or artificial rearrangement of genetic material in living organisms or viruses, especially the creation in offspring of sexually reproducing parents of new combinations of genes through the process of crossing over during meiosis.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun Combination a second or additional time.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun Combination a second or subsequent time.
  • noun genetics The formation of genetic combinations in offspring that are not present in the parents
  • noun chemistry The reverse of dissociation

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun (physics) a combining of charges or transfer of electrons in a gas that results in the neutralization of ions; important for ions arising from the passage of high-energy particles
  • noun (genetics) a combining of genes or characters different from what they were in the parents


Sorry, no etymologies found.


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  • Examine interfertility and what differences (if any) in recombination that results in.

    A Dubious "Opportunity" for IDers 2007

  • As it is never paired with a partner, it escapes a process called recombination that shuffles the code of every other chromosome in each new individual.

    Crusaders sowed seeds of modern Beirut 2008

  • The most important factor is recombination, which is largely responsible for the virtually inexhaustible supply of new genotypes in every generation.

    Dembski versus Europe - The Panda's Thumb 2007

  • Sexual reproduction allows genetic recombination, that is, the exchange of genetic material between parental chromosomes.

    Archive 2006-02-01 AYDIN 2006

  • How faithfully the ancestral lines have met in the latest product, how mysteriously the joint characteristics of body and mind have blended, and how unexpected yet how entirely natural a recombination is the result -- these points are elaborated with cumulative effect until we realize at last how little we are dealing with an independent unit, how much with a survival and reorganization of what seemed buried in the grave.

    Natural Law in the Spiritual World Henry Drummond 1874

  • Thanks to new insights over the past few months, we now know that minisatellites sit next to the drivers of genetic change, called recombination hotspots, where parental DNA is blended during cell division. news, business, sport, the Daily Telegraph newspaper, Sunday Telegraph 2010

  • A preliminary genetic linkage map indicated that the DIP-locus lacks suppression of recombination, which is unique among all other map-based cloning efforts of apomeiosis to date.

    BioMed Central - Latest articles 2010

  • This mixing process, called recombination, is what happens in animals during sexual reproduction.

    The Latest From 2009

  • Using yeast cells, the scientists studied protein molecules that have an important role in homologous recombination, which is one way that cells repair breaks in the DNA double helix.

    EurekAlert! - Breaking News 2009

  • The different distributions of insertions/deletions and SNPs are clearly related to the two different responsible mechanisms, namely recombination and point mutations.

    PLoS ONE Alerts: New Articles Maria Costantini et al. 2009


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  • Something that had long puzzled me was cleared up last night by a remark in Guth's The Inflationary Universe: the combination of nuclei and electrons 300 000 years after the Big Bang is called recombination simply because that is the standard term in (terrestrial) plasma physics, where of course scientists start with ordinary combined matter and ionize it. There is no implication in cosmology that the plasma had ever been combined before.

    August 7, 2009