from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A young onion before the development of the bulb.
  • n. Any of several onionlike plants, such as the leek or shallot.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A spring onion, Allium fistulosum.
  • n. Any of various similar members of the genus Allium.
  • n. Any onion that lacks a fully developed bulb.
  • n. A leek.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A kind of small onion (Allium Ascalonicum), native of Palestine; the eschalot, or shallot.
  • n. Any onion which does not “bottom out,” but remains with a thick stem like a leek.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The shallot, Allium Ascalonicum, especially a variety majus; also, the leek, and the common onion when sown thick so as not to form a large bulb.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a young onion before the bulb has enlarged; eaten in salads
  • n. plant having a large slender white bulb and flat overlapping dark green leaves; used in cooking; believed derived from the wild Allium ampeloprasum


Middle English scaloun, from Anglo-Norman scalun, from Vulgar Latin *escalōnia, alteration of Latin (caepa) Ascalōnia, Ascalonian (onion), shallot, feminine of Ascalōnius, Ascalonian, from Ascalō, Ascalōn-, Ascalon (Ashkelon), an ancient city of southwest Palestine, from Hebrew ašqəlôn; see ṯql in Semitic roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Anglo-Norman scalun (cognate with Old French escalogne), from a Proto-Romance derivation of Latin Ascalonius (in caepa ("onion") Ascalonius, "shallot"), from Ascalo ("Ascalon"), from Ancient Greek Ἀσκάλων (Askalon, "Ascalon, an ancient Palestinian port"), from Phoenician (Wiktionary)


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