Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Any of various unsaturated hydrocarbons, C10H16, found in essential oils and oleoresins of plants such as conifers and used in organic syntheses.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A very large class of naturally occurring and synthetic organic compounds formally derived from the hydrocarbon isoprene; they include many volatile compounds used in perfume and food flavours, turpentine, the steroids, the carotene pigments and rubber.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Any one of a series of isomeric hydrocarbons of pleasant aromatic odor, occurring especially in coniferous plants and represented by oil of turpentine, but including also certain hydrocarbons found in some essential oils.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. Any one of a class of hydrocarbons having the common formula C10H16, found chiefly in essential oils and resins.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. an unsaturated hydrocarbon obtained from plants

Etymologies

Obsolete terp(entine), variant of turpentine + -ene.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • The aroma of ordinary hops is characterized by the terpene myrcene, which is also found in bay leaf and verbena, and is woody and resinous.

    On Food and Cooking, The Science and Lore of the Kitchen

  • Some allergies are triggered by terpene, which is found in the oil or sap of live evergreen trees, wreaths and garlands.

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  • Morphological and chemical characters, such as needle tip shape, stomatal arrangement, and terpene content, separate the two white fir varieties.

    White fir

  • Take Ginkgo Leaf Extract 80 to 160 mg twice a day Ginkgo biloba— standardized to 24 percent ginkgoflavonglycosides and 6 percent terpene lactones.

    The UltraMind Solution

  • GRACE: For anybody that doesn ` t understand -- know what a terpene is, please explain that.

    CNN Transcript Jan 9, 2009

  • Look for standardized products containing gingko-leaf extracts 24 percent flavonoids and 6 percent terpenoids or terpene.

    Earl Mindell’s New Herb Bible

  • I suspect that lemon and lime concoctions go as heavy on the sweetening as they do in an attempt to overwhelm the terpene twang.

    Prefab Mixes: Buyer, Beware

  • E-ocimene is the most dominant in the makeup of the scent, yet it is the furanoid terpene aldehyde , AKA lilac aldehyde, benzyl methyl ether

    After My Own Heart

  • These contain limonene, a terpene, which can help with liver detoxification and can prevent cancer and heart disease.

    The UltraMetabolism Cookbook

  • The primary aromas in gin come from the terpene aromatics (p. 390) in the spices and herbs, especially notes of pine, citrus, flowers, and wood (pinene, limonene, linalool, myrcene).

    On Food and Cooking, The Science and Lore of the Kitchen

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