American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A white crystalline amino acid, C9H11NO3, that is obtained from the hydrolysis of proteins such as casein and is a precursor of epinephrine, thyroxine, and melanin.
- n. biochemistry A nonessential amino acid C9H11NO3 found in most animal proteins, especially casein.
- n. an amino acid found in most proteins; a precursor of several hormones
- Ancient Greek cheese. (Wiktionary)
- Greek tūros, cheese; + -ine. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Then it moves sugar into cells by activating an enzyme called tyrosine-kinase.”
“The parasite infects the brain by forming a cyst within its cells and produces an enzyme called tyrosine hydroxylase, which is needed to make dopamine.”
“Btk is a type of enzyme known as a tyrosine kinase inside B-cells that plays an early key role in B-cell activation.”
“Gleevec clamps down on the cell's accelerator, a protein called tyrosine kinase, which drives cancer to reproduce.”
“So-called tyrosine kinase inhibitor drugs such as imatinib, marketed by Swiss drugmaker Novartis as Glivec or Gleevec, and dasatinib, sold by Bristol-Myers Squibb as Sprycel, have transformed treatment of CML and are credited with turning it from a fatal cancer into a manageable condition.”
“When a leukemia drug was used in turn to block the enzyme - called tyrosine kinase c-Abl - it prevented destruction of those healthy cells.”
“Protein contains tyrosine, which is converted into the alertness neurotransmitter, dopamine.”
“Both of these older drugs, respectively known generically as dasatinib and nilotinib, are members of a class called tyrosine kinase inhibitors.”
“For example, if the tumor being tested has certain types of EGFR mutations and does not have a K-RAS mutation, the oncologist may decide to treat the patient with a class of drugs called tyrosine kinase inhibitors.”
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