from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Anger; wrath. See Synonyms at anger.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Iron.
  • n. Great anger; wrath; keen resentment.
  • v. To anger; to fret; to irritate.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Anger; wrath.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To anger; fret; irritate.
  • An abbreviation of Ireland.
  • n. Iron.
  • n. Anger; wrath; keen resentment.
  • n. Synonyms Vexation, Indignation, etc. See anger.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a strong emotion; a feeling that is oriented toward some real or supposed grievance
  • n. belligerence aroused by a real or supposed wrong (personified as one of the deadly sins)


Middle English, from Old French, from Latin īra; see eis- in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English ire, yre, shortened form of iren ("iron"). More at iron. (Wiktionary)
From Middle English ire, from Old French ire ("ire"), from Latin ira ("wrath, rage"), from Proto-Indo-European *eis- (“to fall upon, act sharply”) (compare Old English ofost ("haste, zeal"), Old Norse eisa ("to race forward"), Ancient Greek ἱερός (hierós, "supernatural, holy"), οἶστρος (oĩstros, "frenzy; gadfly"), Avestan aesma 'anger', Sanskrit eṣati 'it drives on'). (Wiktionary)



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  • nominal form of the adjective 'irate'

    April 10, 2009