Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun The direction along a meridian 90° counterclockwise from east; the direction to the left of sunrise.
  • noun The cardinal point on the mariner's compass located at 0°.
  • noun An area or region lying in the north.
  • noun The northern part of the earth.
  • noun The northern part of a region or country.
  • noun The northern part of the United States, especially the states that fought for the Union in the Civil War.
  • adjective To, toward, of, facing, or in the north.
  • adjective Originating in or coming from the north.
  • adverb In, from, or toward the north.
  • adverb Slang Into a better condition, as of increased value.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • Nautical, to move or veer toward the north.
  • An abbreviation of northern.
  • noun That one of the cardinal points which is on the right hand when one faces in the direction of the setting sun (west); that intersection of the horizon with the meridian which is on the right hand when one is in this position.
  • noun A region, tract, or country, or a part of such, lying toward the north pole from some other region or point of reckoning.
  • noun Specifically With the definite article: In United States history and politics, those States and Territories which lie north of Maryland, the Ohio river, and Missouri.
  • noun The north wind.
  • noun Eccles., the side of a church that is on the left hand of one who faces the altar or high altar. See east, 1.
  • Being in the north; northern.
  • Eccles., situated at or near that side of a church which is to the left of one facing the altar or high altar. Abbreviated N.
  • To the north; in the north.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • intransitive verb To turn or move toward the north; to veer from the east or west toward the north.
  • adverb Northward.
  • noun That one of the four cardinal points of the compass, at any place, which lies in the direction of the true meridian, and to the left hand of a person facing the east; the direction opposite to the south.
  • noun Any country or region situated farther to the north than another; the northern section of a country.
  • noun Specifically: That part of the United States lying north of Mason and Dixon's line. See under Line.
  • adjective Lying toward the north; situated at the north, or in a northern direction from the point of observation or reckoning; proceeding toward the north, or coming from the north.
  • adjective See Following, a., 2.
  • adjective that point in the heavens, or on the earth, ninety degrees from the equator toward the north.
  • adjective See Following, a., 2.
  • adjective the star toward which the north pole of the earth very nearly points, and which accordingly seems fixed and immovable in the sky. The star α (alpha) of the Little Bear, is our present north star, being distant from the pole about 1° 25', and from year to year approaching slowly nearer to it. It is called also Cynosura, polestar, and by astronomers, Polaris.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun One of the four major compass points, specifically 0°, directed toward the North Pole, and conventionally upwards on a map.
  • noun The up or positive direction.
  • noun Above or higher
  • noun physics The positive or north pole of a magnet, which seeks the magnetic pole near Earth's geographic North Pole (which, for its magnetic properties, is a south pole).
  • adjective Of or pertaining to the north; northern.
  • adjective Toward the north; northward.
  • adjective meteorology Of wind, from the north.
  • adjective Pertaining to the part of a corridor used by northbound traffic.
  • adverb Toward the north; northward.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun the United States (especially the northern states during the American Civil War)
  • noun a location in the northern part of a country, region, or city
  • noun the cardinal compass point that is at 0 or 360 degrees
  • noun the direction in which a compass needle points
  • noun the direction corresponding to the northward cardinal compass point
  • noun British statesman under George III whose policies led to rebellion in the American colonies (1732-1792)
  • adjective situated in or facing or moving toward or coming from the north
  • adverb in a northern direction
  • noun the region of the United States lying to the north of the Mason-Dixon line

Etymologies

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English, from Old English; see ner- in Indo-European roots.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English, from Old English norþ, cognate with various Germanic counterparts such as Dutch noord(en), West Frisian noard, German Nord(en), Danish nord, all from a Proto-Germanic *nurþan, and cognate with Greek νέρτερος (nerteros, "infernal, lower") possibly all ultimately from a Proto-Indo-European *ner- (“left, below”), as north is to the left when one faces the rising sun.

Examples

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