Definitions
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.
 adjective Of, relating to, or characterized by conjecture; conjectural.
 adjective Statistics Involving or containing a random variable or process.
from The Century Dictionary.
 Conjectural; given to or partaking of conjecture.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.
 adjective obsolete Conjectural; able to conjecture.
 adjective random; chance; involving probability; opposite of
deterministic .  adjective (Statistics) of or pertaining to a process in which a series of calculations, selections, or observations are made, each one being randomly determined as a sample from a probability distribution.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/ShareAlike License.
 adjective
Random , randomly determined, relating tostochastics .
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
 adjective being or having a random variable
Etymologies
from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/ShareAlike License
Examples

The experimental technique has entered the annals of science under the name of "stochastic cooling."

The irregular trend in integrated series is known as a stochastic trend as opposed to a simple linear deterministic time trend.

Pearle's approach requires the precise formulation of the idea of stochastic Lorentz invariance.

Alexander develops the notion of stochastic technÃª further in his commentary on Aristotle's Topics.

He calls stochastic, then, the sorts of technÃª whose task is to try everything possible to achieve their goal, the realization of the goal being subject to chance.

It seems farfetched, but it's based on a physical principle called stochastic resonance.

This is analogous to a paradoxical physical phenomenon known as stochastic resonance, in which an increase in noise enhances the detection of weak signals.

This is analogous to a paradoxical physical phenomenon known as stochastic resonance, in which an increase in noise enhances the detection of weak signals.

This is analogous to a paradoxical physical phenomenon known as stochastic resonance, in which an increase in noise enhances the detection of weak signals.

However, it was shown that the correction of the fluctuation of the average position of a great many particles was sufficient to produce a cooling effect, hence the name stochastic cooling.
Comments
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dontcry commented on the word stochastic
Funny, this came up when I was 'randoming.'
October 21, 2009
jwjarvis commented on the word stochastic
work encompassed by the "stochastic arts"those that "diagnose and fix things that are variable, complex, and not of our own making." He includes in this category mechanics and medical practitioners and those with other occupations which, because of the constant risk of failure, at least potentially prevent selfabsorption, and instead "cultivate not creativity, but the less glamorous virtue of attentiveness"
May 19, 2010