The divorce passage is in Matthew 1:19. It might not sound familiar to some by exactly that term, as the KJV translates the line as saying Joseph "was minded to put her away privily", while the NAS says he "desired to put her away secretly", the NRS says he "planned to dismiss her", etc. The NIV reads that "he had in mind to divorce her quietly." The Greek text reads: �?βουλήθη λάθ�?ᾳ ἀπολῦσαι α�?τήν. "ἀπολῦσαι" there is the infinitive of ἀπολύω, which, in classical Greek, had several meanings, from formally acquitting a someone of a charge in a legal sense, to releasing a person for ransom or even the disbanding of an army, but in the NT, it is used to mean divorce specifically in a few places (Mark 10:2, 4 and 11, for instance), including, apparently, in this passage. Hope that helps.
A fight with balls. Can be said of fights with cannon and the like, but can also be said of many sports insofar as they are competitions: for instance, it would apply to golf, bowling, tennis, basketball, baseball, etc.
From the Greek osto- (bone) and machia (battle). Lit., a battle with bones. Actually an ancient Greek game played with fourteen pieces of bone that sounds very similar to modern tangrams.
Ausonius wrote of it in a letter, saying:
"ossicula ea sunt: ad summam quattuordecim figuras geometricas habent. sunt enim aeqauliter triquetra: uel obliquis: isocele ipsi uel isopleura uocant, orthogonia quoque et scalena. harum uerticularum uariis coagmentis simulantur species mille formarum: helephantus belwa aut aper bestia, anser uolans et mirmillo in armis, subsidens uenator et latrans canis, quin et turris et cantharus et alia huiusmodi innumerabilium figurarum, quae alius alio scientius uariegant. sed peritorum concinnatio miraculum est, imperitorum iunctura ridiculum." (Decimus Magnus Ausonius, Opuscula, Peoper recension, XII, Technopaegnion, XVII, "Cento nuptialis", 42-54, p. 208 (Teubner; 1886).)
Or, roughly, "There they are little pieces of bone: having fourteen geometric figures in total. Some are equilateral triangles, or oblique, and also isosceles, scalene and right angles. By the joining of these together in various ways, they can be made to resemble all manner of things: a monstrous elephant or a bestial boar, a flying goose and an armed gladiator, a crouching hunter and a barking dog, even a tower and a tankard and innumerable other things of that kind, which vary according to the skill of this or that player. But while the compositions of the skilled are marvellous, the assemblings of the unskilled are laughable."
From the Greek aöidos (enchanter, minstrel, songstress, bard, etc.) and machia (battle): a fighting or contending with verses; a battle of poets, writers or singers. Perhaps exchanges of buskers and filkers playfully (or not so much so) riffing off of one another for sport might be a modern example of aöidomachia.
From the Greek hoplon (tool, weapon) and machia (battle), meaning lit. a battle with heavy arms or the art of using the same. More generally, this term has been used for the art of war itself and tactics.
From the Greek tele- (far, distant, at a distance) and machia (battle). This can mean either a battle fought at a distance in the sense that combatants are at a distance from one another---e.g., siege weapons, archery, etc.---or in the sense that one is speaking of a battle that is at some distance from oneself, a foreign war, etc. E.g., Odysseus' son in The Odyssey, Telemachus, is named this because his father is away at war.
From the Greek psych- (soul) and machia (battle), thus a battle of the soul, literally, though used generally as any kind of desperate battle or conflict. E.g., the popular trope of horror film and literature, the "battle for one's soul", etc.
From the Greek iso- (equal, same) and machia (battle), meaning matched or even sizes, strengths in a battle or match; can be said of any contest, battle or game in which the sides are at even odds. Cf. axiomachic.
From the Greek axio- (matched, even) and machia (battle), this means to be matched, or sufficient, in strength or number, to an opposing side in battle; that is, to be capable of going to battle with an opponent. Cf. isomachic.
Feb 9, 2008
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