American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The Indo-European language of the ancient Latins and Romans and the most important cultural language of western Europe until the end of the 17th century.
- n. The Latin language and literature from the end of the third century B.C. to the end of the second century A.D.
- n. A member of a Latin people, especially a native or inhabitant of Latin America.
- n. A Latino or Latina.
- n. A native or resident of ancient Latium.
- adj. Of, relating to, or composed in Latin: a Latin scholar; Latin verse.
- adj. Of or relating to ancient Rome, its people, or its culture.
- adj. Of or relating to Latium, its people, or its culture.
- adj. Of or relating to the languages that developed from Latin, such as Italian, French, Spanish, and Portuguese, or to the peoples that speak them.
- adj. Of or relating to the peoples, countries, or cultures of Latin America.
- adj. Of or relating to Latinos or their culture.
- adj. Of or relating to the Roman Catholic Church.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of, pertaining to, or derived from ancient Latium or its inhabitants: as, the Latin cities; the Latin wars; the Latin language.
- Pertaining to or having affinity with the ancient Latins in the wider sense of the word: so applied from the spread of the language and civilization of the people of Latium throughout Italy and the Roman empire: as, the Latin races of southern Europe; the Latin arts.
- Relating or pertaining to, or composed in, the language of the ancient Latins or Romans: as, a Latin idiom; a Latin poem. See II., 3.
- The Roman Catholic Church.
- Synonyms See Roman.
- n. A member of the race that inhabited ancient Latium in central Italy, including Rome; afterward, one to whom the Latin language was vernacular; an ancient Roman, Italian, etc.
- n. In modern application, a member of one of the races ethnically and linguistically related to the ancient Romans or Italians, by descent or intermixture: as, the Latins of Italy, France, Spain, and Portugal.
- n. The language of ancient Rome; the language originally spoken in Latium, and afterward extended over all the integral parts of the Roman empire in Europe, which is the basis of the modern Romance languages (see Romance), and has supplied the greater part in bulk of the vocabulary of modern English (see English). Latin belongs to the Italican branch of the Indo-European or Aryan family, together with Oscan, Umbrian, and other dialects of which hardly any remains are extant. Its nearer relations with the other branches of the family are matters of doubt and dispute. It was formerly, on insufficient grounds, believed especially akin with Greek; more recently, it has been thought closer to Celtic. Latin, with its literature, is divided chronologically into several periods—in this dictionary, in the etymologies, into five, namely Old Latin, Classical Latin, Late. Latin, Middle Latin, and New Latin. See below.
- n. A member of the Latin or Roman Catholic Church: the designation most frequently used by Greek Catholics and other Oriental Christians for Roman Catholics.
- n. A member of a civil community in Turkey composed of such subjects of the Sultan as are of foreign ancestry and of the Roman Catholic faith.
- n. 6 An exercise in schools, consisting in turning English into Latin.
- n. The divisions and periods of the Latin vary more or less with different writers. As generally adopted, and as somewhat more precisely discriminated in this dictionary and systematically followed in the etymologies, they are here defined in chronological order:
- n. Abbreviated L. or Lat.
- To turn into Latin; interlard with Latin.
- To use Latin words or phrases.
- adj. Of or relating to the language spoken in ancient Rome and other cities of Latium.
- adj. Of or relating to the script of the language spoken in ancient Rome and many modern alphabets.
- adj. Of or relating to ancient Rome or its Empire.
- adj. Of or relating to Latium (modern Lazio), the region around Rome.
- adj. Of or relating to the customs and people descended from the ancient Romans and their Empire.
- adj. Of or from Latin America or of Latin American culture.
- adj. Christianity Roman Catholic; of or pertaining to the Roman Rite of the Catholic Church.
- n. The language of the ancient Romans, other Latins and of the Roman Catholic church, especially Classical Latin.
- n. A person native to ancient Rome or its Empire.
- n. A person from one of the modern European countries (including France, Spain etc.) whose language is descended from Latin.
- n. A person from Latin America.
- n. Christianity A person adhering to Roman Catholic practice.
- n. A person native to the ancient region of Latium.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Of or pertaining to Latium, or to the Latins, a people of Latium; Roman.
- adj. Of, pertaining to, or composed in, the language used by the Romans or Latins
- n. A native or inhabitant of Latium; a Roman.
- n. The language of the ancient Romans.
- n. obsolete An exercise in schools, consisting in turning English into Latin.
- n. (Eccl.) A member of the Roman Catholic Church.
- v. obsolete To write or speak in Latin; to turn or render into Latin.
- n. a person who is a member of those peoples whose languages derived from Latin
- adj. relating to people or countries speaking Romance languages
- adj. of or relating to the ancient region of Latium
- n. an inhabitant of ancient Latium
- n. any dialect of the language of ancient Rome
- adj. relating to languages derived from Latin
- adj. of or relating to the ancient Latins or the Latin language
- From Latin latīnus, from Latium ("the region around Rome") + -īnus ("adjective suffix"). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Old French and from Old English lǣden, both from Latin Latīnus, from Latium, an ancient country of west-central Italy. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Turning round to one side of the stage, where some of them were seated, whenever he quoted Latin, he gave the explanation, "That's _Latin_, gentlemen;" and again, when he introduced any Greek, bowing to the other side, "That's _Greek_, gentlemen.”
“To believe that Shakspeare borrowed his _captious_ in this sense, from the Latin _captiosus_, we must suppose that he was well acquainted with the exact sense of the Latin word; a supposition which, in regard to a man who had _small Latin_, we can scarcely be justified in entertaining.”
“In Latin there is no evidence for the interchange of _c_ with a sibilant earlier than the 6th century A.D. in south Italy and the 7th century A.D. in Gaul (Lindsay, _Latin Language_, p. 88).”
“The Latin story is, in fact, very wide-ranging and sometimes quite of the novel (at least _nouvelle_) kind, as any one may see in Wright's _Latin Stories_, Percy Society,”
“It is not necessary to descant on thieves 'Latin, dog-Latin, _Latin de”
“46 Tbe Ferue Latin*, or Latin Festivals, here mentioued, were snch as were celebrated by the new consuls in the Alban mountain to Jupiter, by torch-light, with great solemnity.”
“Latin@ "is often used in writing to encompass the female - and male-gendered variants Latin”
“I suggested that the sung blessing in Latin is especially useful, not only because it is beautiful and teaches Latin chant, but also because it draws non-Catholics into a Catholic way of praying.”
“If you add a chemical which in Latin is called lysergic acid diethylamide, or LSD, it will turn blue.”
“But the Vividus, which means “full of life” in Latin, is just the latest bed to target a growing consumer appetite for high-end beds made from materials such as latex, flax, memory foam, silk, cashmere, lambswool and hand-tufted horse hair.”
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