American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of a group of enzymes that are present in saliva, pancreatic juice, and parts of plants and catalyze the hydrolysis of starch to sugar to produce carbohydrate derivatives.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A ferment which will convert starch into dextrose: it occurs widely distributed in both the animal and the vegetable world. Same as diastase or amylolytic ferment.
- n. biochemistry Any of a class of digestive enzymes, present in saliva, that break down complex carbohydrates such as starch into simpler sugars such as glucose.
- n. any of a group of proteins found in saliva and pancreatic juice and parts of plants; help convert starch to sugar
“Alpha-amylase is secreted into saliva by the parotid gland, the largest of the salivary glands.”
“The sprouting barley seedlings can provide an enzyme called amylase that breaks down starch into maltose a sugar.”
“Dr. Shaw has found that the enzyme amylase, which is present in human saliva, rises in sleep-deprived flies.”
“Beans contain phytonutrients called amylase inhibitors, which block the action of the enzyme amylase needed to digest starches.”
“Egg yolks contain a starch-digesting enzyme, amylase, that is remarkably resistant to heat.”
“In those malts the enzyme (called amylase) has been deactivated by heat so you get the flavor but you don't get runny milk shakes!”
“There are several other USDA decisions on modified crops coming soon, Vilsack said, including on modified sugar beets and corn amylase, which is made to produce ethanol fuel.”
“The volunteers were given at-home fertility test kits to track their monthly cycles, and on the sixth day they collected saliva samples that were tested for the stress hormone cortisol and for alpha-amylase, which is secreted when the nervous system produces catecholamines, which initiate another stress response.”
“Other enzymes, such as amylase and lipase, are derived from bacteria.”
“Human saliva contains the carbohydrate-digesting enzyme, salivary amylase.”
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