Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A place or collection containing records, documents, or other materials of historical interest. Often used in the plural: old land deeds in the municipal archives.
  • n. Computer Science A long-term storage area, often on magnetic tape, for backup copies of files or for files that are no longer in active use.
  • n. Computer Science A file containing one or more files in compressed format for more efficient storage and transfer.
  • n. A repository for stored memories or information: the archive of the mind.
  • transitive v. To place or store in an archive.
  • transitive v. Computer Science To copy or compress (a file) into an archive.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A place for storing earlier, and often historical, material. An archive usually contains documents (letters, records, newspapers, etc.) or other types of media kept for historical interest.
  • n. The material so kept, considered as a whole (compare archives).
  • v. To put into an archive.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The place in which public records or historic documents are kept.
  • n. Public records or documents preserved as evidence of facts.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A place where public records or other historical documents are kept: now only in the plural.
  • n. A record or document preserved in evidence of something; in the plural, documents or records relating to the rights, privileges, claims, treaties, constitutions, etc., of a family, corporation, community, or nation.
  • n. Synonyms Record-office, registry.
  • n. Registers, chronicles, annals, muniments.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a depository containing historical records and documents
  • v. put into an archive

Etymologies

From French archives, from Latin archīva, from Greek arkheia, pl. of arkheion, town hall, from arkhē, government, from arkhein, to rule.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From French archives, from Latin archīvum, from Ancient Greek ἀρχεῖον (arkheion, "town hall"). (Wiktionary)

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