American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A steel cutting tool with a sharp beveled point, used in engraving or carving stone. Also called graver.
- n. The style or technique of an engraver's work.
- n. Archaeology A stone tool with a chisellike head. Also called graver.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. An engravers' tool of tempered steel, with a lozenge-shaped point, fixed in a handle the end of which, held in the hand, is rounded at the top; a graver. Pushed forward by the hand in any desired direction, it cuts a shallow or deep furrow, according to the pressure exerted. When, as in etching, bitten lines, or lines made with the dry-point, are imperfect or weak, the burin is used to repair or strengthen them.
- n. The manner or style of execution of an engraver: as, a soft burin; a brilliant burin.
- n. A steel graver used by marble-workers. Also spelled burine.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. The cutting tool of an engraver on metal, used in line engraving. It is made of tempered steel, one end being ground off obliquely so as to produce a sharp point, and the other end inserted in a handle; a graver; also, the similarly shaped tool used by workers in marble.
- n. The manner or style of execution of an engraver.
- n. a chisel of tempered steel with a sharp point; used for engraving
- From French (Wiktionary)
- French, probably from obsolete Italian burino, of Germanic origin. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Seeing that in the Treatise on the Technique of Painting there was little said of copper-plate engraving, since it was enough at that time to describe the method of engraving silver with the burin, which is a square tool of iron, cut on the slant, with a sharp point, I shall use the occasion of this Life to say as much on that subject as I may consider to be sufficient.”
“A burin was a flaked rock tool with a chisel-like edge probably used to remove flesh from bone.”
““A burin probably helped engrave the models for the first pennies.””
“He carried an engraving block and a burin in his pocket and would ask for work and produce required pictures on the spot.”
“As if all this weren't enough, the visitor-friendly show also offers wall-panel introductions to each segment in French, Spanish and English, and a small side gallery demonstrating the various techniques of copper-plate engraving -- etching, dry point, burin, aquatint -- and lithography.”
“Tremendous physical force was required to push the metal burin into the flesh of the copper plate, digging out metal with metal, before ink flowed into the resulting grooves, and the plate was run through a press, and the image transferred onto wet paper.”
“The graving tool, or burin, was of critical importance, for it enabled people to cut strips of fresh reindeer antler to manufacture specialized tools.”
“Some needed both hands and feet, if they used a burin-wheel for carving gems; and these, lest they should slip off untraced, had had their noses taken.”
“Passing from the bloom of Nature, we complete our circuit with that which springs from the pencil, the chisel and the burin.”
“Indeed Bartoccini is already best known from the engravings of Overbeck's designs to the New Testament, the best of which were from his burin.”
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From the GNU Webster's 1913:
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