from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A leader of an Islamic polity, regarded as a successor of Muhammad and by tradition always male.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. The political leader of the Muslim world, successor of Muhammad's political authority, not religious or spiritual.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Successor or vicar; the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state; -- a title of the successors of Mohammed both as temporal and spiritual rulers, used formerly by the sultans of Turkey.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. See calif, califate.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. the civil and religious leader of a Muslim state considered to be a representative of Allah on earth
Middle English calife, from Old French, from Arabic ḫalīfa, successor (to Muhammad), caliph, from ḫalafa, to succeed; see ḫlp in Semitic roots.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Arabic خليفة (khalīfä). (Wiktionary)