Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The trilobed structure of the brain, lying posterior to the pons and medulla oblongata and inferior to the occipital lobes of the cerebral hemispheres, that is responsible for the regulation and coordination of complex voluntary muscular movement as well as the maintenance of posture and balance.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Part of the hindbrain in vertebrates. In humans it lies between the brainstem and the cerebrum. It plays an important role in sensory perception, motor output, balance and posture.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The large lobe of the hind brain in front of and above the medulla; the little brain. It controls combined muscular action. See brain.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The little brain or hind-brain of a vertebrate animal; a lobe of the brain developed on the dorsal side of the cerebrospinal axis, between the corpora quadrigemina in front and the medulla oblongata behind, and forming part of the roof of the fourth ventricle.
  • n. In Insecta, the subesophageal ganglion, situated in the lower part of the head, and connected with the supra-esophageal ganglion or cerebrum by two nerve-chords surrounding the gullet

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans

Etymologies

Medieval Latin, from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum, brain; see ker-1 in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

Examples

  • The Purkinje cell of the cerebellum is used as an example to illustrate the revelatory power of the Golgi stain, and why it was and still is important.

    Black Reaction - La reazione nera

  • The cerebellum is the rear, lower part of the brain that controls signals from the muscles to coordinate balance and motor learning.

    January 24th, 2006

  • Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) disease the cerebellum is damaged.

    Physiology or Medicine for 1997 - Press Release

  • When the cerebellum is infected the ability to coordinate body movements declines.

    Physiology or Medicine for 1997 - Press Release

  • The researchers decided to work on an area of the brain called the cerebellum, which is responsible for controlling and timing motor movements, such as learning how to blink in response to a stimulus.

    BBC News - Home

  • Adult Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LDD): a hamartomatous overgrowth in a particular area of the brain known as the cerebellum

    PTEN Hamartoma Tumor syndrome

  • As Peterson learned all too well over the next two decades, the disease gradually destroys an area of the brain called the cerebellum, taking muscle control with it.

    A Certain Bittersweet Comfort

  • The cerebellum is the balance and coordination area of the brain.

    The Human Brain, Part 1 of a Series

  • Neuroscientists at University College London discovered that a part of the brain called the cerebellum differentiates between sensations we create ourselves and ones generated externally.

    TIP SHEET

  • Since Dr. Shalizi knows a few things about cerebella, it is mostly for other bloggers to mention that the Purkinje neuron of the cerebellum is usually the biggest kind of brain cell.

    Another unintelligent move - The Panda's Thumb

Wordnik is becoming a not-for-profit! Read our announcement here.

Comments

Log in or sign up to get involved in the conversation. It's quick and easy.