American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. The trilobed structure of the brain, lying posterior to the pons and medulla oblongata and inferior to the occipital lobes of the cerebral hemispheres, that is responsible for the regulation and coordination of complex voluntary muscular movement as well as the maintenance of posture and balance.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. The little brain or hind-brain of a vertebrate animal; a lobe of the brain developed on the dorsal side of the cerebrospinal axis, between the corpora quadrigemina in front and the medulla oblongata behind, and forming part of the roof of the fourth ventricle. The pons Varolii is the corresponding ventral portion of the cerebrospinal axis, and these two parts together are sometimes called the epencephalon. In man the cerebellum is a well-developed mass, having an average weight of about 5½ ounces, occupying the inferior occipital fossa, and separated from the posterior portions of the cerebral hemispheres above by the tentorium. A median portion or vermis and two lateral hemispheres are distinguished, and these are divided by transverse clefts into thin, closely packed laminæ. The cerebellum has three pairs of peduncles by which it is connected with the rest of the brain: the superior peduncles, which join it with the cerebrum; the middle peduncles, which pass down on either side to form the pons Varolii; and the Inferior peduncles or restiform bodies, which connect it with the medulla oblongata. The surface of the laminæ is of gray matter, while the interior is white, so that a section at right angles to the lamellæ presents a foliaceous appearance, which has received the name of arbor-vitæ. There are other masses of gray matter within, namely, the corpus dentatum, nucleus emboliformis, nucleus globosus, and nucleus fastigii. (See
corpusand nucleus.) The cerebellum seems to he principally concerned with the coördination of voluntary movements. See cuts under brainand corpus.
- n. In Insecta, the subesophageal ganglion, situated in the lower part of the head, and connected with the supra-esophageal ganglion or cerebrum by two nerve-chords surrounding the gullet
- n. neuroanatomy Part of the hindbrain in vertebrates. In humans it lies between the brainstem and the cerebrum. It plays an important role in sensory perception, motor output, balance and posture.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Anat.) The large lobe of the hind brain in front of and above the medulla; the little brain. It controls combined muscular action. See brain.
- n. a major division of the vertebrate brain; situated above the medulla oblongata and beneath the cerebrum in humans
- Medieval Latin, from Latin, diminutive of cerebrum, brain; see ker-1 in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“The Purkinje cell of the cerebellum is used as an example to illustrate the revelatory power of the Golgi stain, and why it was and still is important.”
“The cerebellum is the rear, lower part of the brain that controls signals from the muscles to coordinate balance and motor learning.”
“Gerstmann-Sträussler-Scheinker (GSS) disease the cerebellum is damaged.”
“When the cerebellum is infected the ability to coordinate body movements declines.”
“The researchers decided to work on an area of the brain called the cerebellum, which is responsible for controlling and timing motor movements, such as learning how to blink in response to a stimulus.”
“Adult Lhermitte-Duclos disease (LDD): a hamartomatous overgrowth in a particular area of the brain known as the cerebellum”
“As Peterson learned all too well over the next two decades, the disease gradually destroys an area of the brain called the cerebellum, taking muscle control with it.”
“The cerebellum is the balance and coordination area of the brain.”
“Neuroscientists at University College London discovered that a part of the brain called the cerebellum differentiates between sensations we create ourselves and ones generated externally.”
“Since Dr. Shalizi knows a few things about cerebella, it is mostly for other bloggers to mention that the Purkinje neuron of the cerebellum is usually the biggest kind of brain cell.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘cerebellum’.
abducens.....draw..., ablation.....carr..., acetylcholine......., adrenalin.....nea..., afferent.....to c..., agnosia.....no kn..., alar.....wing-like, alexia.....no words, alveus.....canal, amacrine.....no l..., ambidextrous........, ambiguus.....doub... and 701 more...
ruptured blood ve..., clot, pressure on a blo..., tumor, brain region, comprehension of ..., production of mea..., autonomic nervous..., conservation of t..., catecholamine, arousal, regulation of sleep and 564 more...
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also see: http://www.wordnik.com/lists/transhumanity
words for head
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My big word list.
Goodies pulled from a list I've compiled of most-every word having these letters in common — It's going take to take a long, long time to actually get through (and I may want to extend it lat...
Hecko, words! I’m so happy I’ve found you. I want to keep you all and never want to lose you again. I hope you like it here.
Looking for tweets for cerebellum.