Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. See rape2.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A variety of cabbage (Brassica oleracea), cultivated for its seeds, which yield an oil, valued for illuminating and lubricating purposes.
  • n. some other cole varieties

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A variety of cabbage (Brassica oleracea), cultivated for its seeds, which yield an oil valued for illuminating and lubricating purposes; summer rape.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The coleseed or rape, a variety of Brassica campestris with very oily seeds. See rape.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. Eurasian plant cultivated for its seed and as a forage crop

Etymologies

French, from Dutch koolzaad : kool, cabbage (from Middle Dutch cōle, from Latin caulis) + zaad, seed (from Middle Dutch saet; see sē- in Indo-European roots).
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Dutch koolzaad, also (literally) 'cabbage seed', from Middle Dutch coolsaet. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Oleaginous crops such as rapeseed, also known as colza, are a favoured source in the northern hemisphere.

    ANC Daily News Briefing

  • In fact, rural bees and their honeys have suffered in recent years, because of predator insects, pesticides, and industrial agriculture that can sow a single crop like colza as far as the eye can see — or, more important, as far as the bee can fly.

    Pollen Nation

  • The first generation of green fuels - biodiesel and ethanol - are made from wheat, maize, colza, sugar beet etc, also used for human and animal feed.

    ANC Daily News Briefing

  • He was saturated in colza oil, and the smashed tin lay beside him, but luckily the flame had been extinguished by his fall.

    Twelve Stories and a Dream, by H. G. Wells

  • At a quarter to two he had been seen running down the Euston Road towards Baker Street, flourishing a can of burning colza oil and jerking splashes of flame therefrom at the windows of the houses he passed.

    Twelve Stories and a Dream, by H. G. Wells

  • Here it is the vine, elsewhere the apple tree for cider, there colza, farther on cheeses and flax.

    Madame Bovary

  • A fresh breeze was blowing; the rye and colza were sprouting, little dewdrops trembled at the roadsides and on the hawthorn hedges.

    Madame Bovary

  • The older, her bezique cards and counters, her Skye terrier, her suppositious wealth, her lapses of responsiveness and incipient catarrhal deafness: the younger, her lamp of colza oil before the statue of the Immaculate Conception, her green and maroon brushes for Charles Stewart Parnell and for Michael Davitt, her tissue papers.

    Ulysses

  • With a hydraulic press having a piston O. 27 of a meter in diameter, it permits of effecting in ten minutes the extraction of the oil from 25 kilogrammes of colza seeds.

    Scientific American Supplement, No. 358, November 11, 1882

  • Oil of colza and tallow are extinguished, where naphtha, petroleum, and oil of bone, continue burning.

    The Mirror of Literature, Amusement, and Instruction Volume 10, No. 289, December 22, 1827

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Comments

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  • From Dutch "koolzaad" (cabbage seed).
    Edit: oops. I forgot Wordnik has an etymology tab.

    November 25, 2010

  • Perhaps better known as rapeseed; coleseed - not so common.

    November 25, 2010