Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A perennial herb (Cichorium intybus) of the composite family, native to the Old World and widely naturalized in North America, having rayed flower heads with usually blue florets. Also called succory.
  • n. Any of various forms of this plant cultivated for their edible leaves, such as radicchio.
  • n. The dried, roasted, ground roots of this plant, used as an adulterant of or substitute for coffee.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. Either of two plants of the Asteraceae family: true chicory (Cichorium intybus) and endive (Cichorium endivia)

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A branching perennial plant (Cichorium Intybus) with bright blue flowers, growing wild in Europe, Asia, and America; also cultivated for its roots and as a salad plant; succory; wild endive. See endive.
  • n. The root, which is roasted for mixing with coffee.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The popular name of Cichorium Intybus, a composite plant common in waste places, found throughout Europe and Asia as far as India, and naturalized in the United States.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. perennial Old World herb having rayed flower heads with blue florets cultivated for its root and its heads of crisp edible leaves used in salads
  • n. root of the chicory plant roasted and ground to substitute for or adulterate coffee
  • n. the dried root of the chicory plant: used as a coffee substitute
  • n. crisp spiky leaves with somewhat bitter taste

Etymologies

Middle English cicoree (from Old French cichoree) and French chicorée, both from Latin cichorium, cichorēum, from Greek kikhoreia, pl. diminutive of kikhorā.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle French chicorée, from Old French cicoree, from Late Latin *cichōria, from Latin cichōrium, from Ancient Greek. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The chicory is a special red stemmed one that I am in love with - mild enough for salads.

    full as a goog

  • Then at the same time you had into New York from San Juan, they came on the so-called chicory flights.

    Damon Runyan: A Life

  • Coffee is frequently adulterated with chicory, which is harmless.

    Public School Domestic Science

  • They're extracting fiber from corn, seaweed and roots of herbs such as chicory or using bacteria to synthesize fibers.

    High-Fiber Foods May Be Easier to Stomach This Time Around

  • You might call radicchio (rah-DEE-kee-o) 'chicory' and in appearance and texture, it's easy to mistake radicchio for red cabbage, especially once it's chopped up in a salad.

    Summer Orzo with Radicchio ♥ | A Veggie Venture

  • "These are really interesting results as they demonstrate that gastro-intestinal acceptability of dietary fibres such as chicory fructans is not as limitating as it has been described previously," she added.

    NutraIngredients-USA RSS

  • "That's what the country people often call the chicory weed in

    The Dust Flower

  • Put the hot chicken in this so it absorbs the flavours, then serve it with leaves such as chicory, sliced fennel and spring onions. "

    The Guardian World News

  • For a stint, he was "in the weeds" -- as his ever-changing world of taste laid in the wild -- little-known leaves, weeds, and flowers like Queen Anne's lace, chicory root, and pigweed -- more poetically called lamb's quarters.

    Rozanne Gold: Chopra and Vongerichten Talk Food

  • Chickory coffee and two beignets at Café Du Monde for buck-ninety and some lonely soul at midnight telling me how beignets ought to be made with cottonseed oil and how chicory was developed by the French during their civil war because coffee was scarce during those times, and they found that chicory added body and flavor to the brew.

    Saints

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