from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To make a hole in; hollow out: excavate an ore-rich hillside.
- transitive v. To form by hollowing out.
- transitive v. To remove by digging or scooping out.
- transitive v. To expose or uncover by or as if by digging: excavate an archaeological site.
- intransitive v. To engage in digging, hollowing out, or removing.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To make a hole in (something); to hollow.
- v. To remove part of (something) by scooping or digging it out.
- v. To uncover (something) by removing its covering.
- n. A major grouping of unicellular eukaryotes, of the clade Excavata
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- transitive v. To hollow out; to form cavity or hole in; to make hollow by cutting, scooping, or digging
- transitive v. To form by hollowing; to shape, as a cavity, or anything that is hollow.
- transitive v. To dig out and remove, as earth.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To hollow out, or make a hollow or cavity in, by digging or scooping out the inner part, or by removing extraneous matter: as, to excavate a tumulus or a buried city for the purpose of exploring it; to excavate a cocoanut.
- To form by scooping or hollowing out; make by digging out material, as from the earth: as, to excavate a tunnel or a cellar.
- In zoology: Formed as if by excavation; hollowed, but having the inner surface irregularly rounded.
- Widely and irregularly notched: said of a margin or mark.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. form by hollowing
- v. find by digging in the ground
- v. recover through digging
- v. remove the inner part or the core of
Latin excavāre, excavāt-, to hollow out : ex-, ex- + cavāre, to hollow (from cavus, hollow; see keuə- in Indo-European roots).(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Known since 1599, from Latin excavātus ("hollowed out"), perfect passive participle of excavō ("hollow out"), from ex ("out") + cavō ("make a hole"), from cavus ("cave, hole"). (Wiktionary)