from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To castrate (a horse, for example).
- transitive v. To deprive of strength or vigor; weaken.
- n. A tax paid to the crown by English landholders under Anglo-Saxon and Norman kings.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. Money; notably:
- v. To castrate a male (usually an animal).
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Money; tribute; compensation; ransom.
- transitive v. To castrate; to emasculate.
- transitive v. To deprive of anything essential.
- transitive v. To deprive of anything exceptionable; ; to expurgate.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To castrate; emasculate: used especially of emasculating animals for economic purposes.
- Hence To deprive of anything essential.
- To expurgate, as a book or other writing.
- In apiculture, to cut out old combs from (a hive) so that new ones may be built.
- Gelded; castrated; rendered impotent.
- Barren; sterile.
- Not with young: as, a geld cow; a geld ewe.
- Poor; needy.
- n. A payment, tax, tribute, or fine: in modern histories and law-books in reference to the Anglo-Saxon period, chiefly in composition, as in Danegeld, wergeld or wergild, etc.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. cut off the testicles (of male animals such as horses)
Middle English gelden, from Old Norse gelda.
Middle English geld and Medieval Latin geldum, both from Old English geld, gield, payment.(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Middle English geld and Medieval Latin geldum, both from Old English geld, ġield ("payment, tribute"), from Proto-Germanic *geldan (“reward, gift, money”), from Proto-Indo-European *gheldh- (“to pay”). Cognate with North Frisian jild ("money"), Saterland Frisian Jäild ("money"), Dutch geld ("money"), German Geld ("money"), Old Norse gjald ("payment"), Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌻𐌳 (gild). Also related to English yield. Geld is also written gelt or gild, and as such found in wergild, Danegeld, etc. Probably reinforced by gelt (which see). (Wiktionary)
From Old Norse gelda ("geld, castrate"), from geldr ("yielding no milk, dry"), cognate with Old High German galt. Cognate with Gothic 𐌲𐌹𐌻𐌸𐌰 (gilþa, "sickle"). Compare the archaic German Gelze, “castrated swine” and gelzen ("castrate"), Danish galt ("boar") (from Old Norse gǫltr ("boar, hog"), cognate with English gilt) and gilde ("to geld"). "gelding" derives from Old Norse geldingr. (Wiktionary)