Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A rope or rawhide halter with a wide band that can be lowered over a horse's eyes, used in breaking horses to a bridle.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. a kind of bridle with no bit

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A halter consisting of a long leather or rope strap and headstall, -- used for leading or tieing a pack animal.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A form of halter with a nose-piece that can be tightened, so that it may serve instead of the head-piece of a bridle.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. rope or canvas headgear for a horse, with a rope for leading

Etymologies

Alteration of Spanish jáquima, halter, from Old Spanish xaquima, from Arabic šakīma, bit of a bridle, from šakama, to bridle; see śkm in Semitic roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Perhaps from Spanish jáquima ‘halter’. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • She put the chestnut through his paces—walk, trot, canter, change leads, round turns—until she was satisfied the horse was working nicely and responding well to the pressure of the hackamore.

    Western Man

  • The barn was full of hay dust and horse smells, shadowed and cool, as Sharon led the chestnut into his stall and clipped on his halter before removing the hackamore.

    Western Man

  • When the horse was through drinking, he turned it loose in the corral, drooped the hackamore over a hook on the porch, lifted the gunnysack with its mysterious burden.

    Come Again No More

  • The pinto was lathered some and Two Spuds was riding bareback, using a rope hackamore instead of a bridle.

    Come Again No More

  • The animal shied, but he had ahold of the hackamore, and he bounced and dragged himself to where he could grab the pommel.

    The Thirsty Man « Official Harry Harrison News Blog

  • One hiker slipped and was saved when she grabbed a rope tied to a burro's hackamore.

    Copper Canyon crossing, hiking the Sierra Tarahumara

  • There's usually a procession of riders, the best dressed, undoubtedly the criollos, leading the pack, followed by lesser mortals, and finally a kid on a donkey without even a hackamore.

    Dia de la Independencia -- Viva Mexico!

  • Carmen let loose of her hackamore, and she walked, trotted, and then kicked sideways with a squeal before she settled down and went through the gate.

    Deuces Wild

  • Reins dangled from the bridle-no, it was a bitless hackamore, he saw.

    Take A Thief

  • And besides, the saddle and hackamore were old, very plain, well-worn.

    Take A Thief

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