Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A person learned in law; a jurist.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. a person authorised to give legal advice.
  • n. a master of the civil law. Abbreviation: J.C.
  • n. a master of jurisprudence.
  • n. someone who has studied law.
  • n. a jurist.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A man learned in the civil law; an expert in juridical science; a professor of jurisprudence; a jurist.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. One who gives his opinion in cases of law; one learned, in jurisprudence; a jurist; specifically, a master of the civil law.

Etymologies

Latin iūriscōnsultus : iūris, genitive of iūs, law; see yewes- in Indo-European roots + cōnsultus, skilled, past participle of cōnsulere, to take counsel.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin jūris consultus ("one skilled in the law"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • Khomeini preached the theory of wilayat al-faqih (jurisconsult); an elitist concept associated with the supremacy of senior Shiite clergy.

    Joshua Gleis: Religious Divisions in Iran's Leadership -- More than Meets the Eye

  • This polemical work was nearing completion when Pascal had the joy of seeing his friends, the Duc de Roannez and the jurisconsult Domat, converted to Jansenism, as well as his niece Marguerite Perier, who had been cured of a fistula of the eye by contact with a relic of the Holy Thorn preserved at Port Royal.

    Blaise Pascal

  • It would be a thousand times better, said a great jurisconsult, to sell the treasure of all the convents, and the plate of all the churches, than to sell justice.

    A Philosophical Dictionary

  • Not a parliament, not a presidential court, but was occupied in trying sorcerers; not a great jurisconsult who did not write memorials on possessions by the devil.

    A Philosophical Dictionary

  • A jurisconsult, in his criminal institute, announces that the non-observance of Sundays and holidays is treason against the

    A Philosophical Dictionary

  • A "fatwa" is simply a considered opinion of a Muslim jurisconsult.

    Archive 2005-07-01

  • However, very few people want to see an Islamic revolution and the velayat-e faqih [Iran's "rule of the jurisconsult"].

    Ayatollah Democracy

  • He served as head of the Zaytuna mosque and chief jurisconsult (mufti), and undertook diplomatic missions to Morocco (1803) and the Ottoman sultan (1838) for the beys.

    1835-37

  • This work was continued in the following few years by Ebussuud Efendi, the sheik ul-islam (chief jurisconsult of the empire).

    1538

  • He served as sheik ul-islam (chief jurisconsult of the empire) for 29 years and issued thousands of legal opinions interpreting the law and reconciling Islamic codes with state legislation.

    c. 1570

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