American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. An army composed of ordinary citizens rather than professional soldiers.
- n. A military force that is not part of a regular army and is subject to call for service in an emergency.
- n. The whole body of physically fit civilians eligible by law for military service.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. Military service; warfare.
- n. Soldiery; militants collectively.
- n. Hence The whole body of men declared by law amenable to military service, without enlistment, whether armed and drilled or not.
- n. A body of men enrolled and drilled according to military law, as an armed force, but not as regular soldiers, and called out in emergency for actual service and periodically for drill and exercise. The feudal array of the middle ages was properly a militia, and the first proceeding of modern warfare consisted in the gradual adoption of permanent and regular troops, which superseded the militia.
- n. this sense?) An army.
- n. in particular An army of trained civilians, which may be an official reserve army, called upon in time of need, the entire able-bodied population of a state which may also be called upon, or a private force not under government control.
- n. The national police force of certain countries (e.g. Russia, Ukraine).
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. In the widest sense, the whole military force of a nation, including both those engaged in military service as a business, and those competent and available for such service; specifically, the body of citizens enrolled for military instruction and discipline, but not subject to be called into actual service except in emergencies.
- n. obsolete Military service; warfare.
- n. the entire body of physically fit civilians eligible by law for military service
- n. civilians trained as soldiers but not part of the regular army
- From Latin mīlitia ("army, military force/service"), from mīles ("soldier"). (Wiktionary)
- Latin mīlitia, warfare, military service, from mīles, mīlit-, soldier. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“An aft to apportion At relief* by the fevered fiatutes mm in force directed to bo ghat* to the families of non-eommifioned office, drummers* fifers* and private s y ferving in the mttkia* between the county at large and the peculiar di/Mfts therein not contri - buting to the county rate* according to the number of menferv - ingfor each infuch militia 9 and to remove certain difficulties in rejpeft to the relief of families affithftituUs* hired men* or w lunteers* ferving tn the militia* — - [May 22, .1795.]”
“The word militia meant something different back then, Noah.”
“The court also touched on the meaning of the term militia:”
“But suppose I adopt the definition of the term militia insisted upon by those who differ from me.”
“Again he says: "The term militia is a collective term meaning a body of men organized.”
“The term militia is commonly used today to refer to a military force composed of ordinary citizens  to provide defense, emergency law enforcement, or paramilitary service, in times of emergency without being paid a regular salary or committed to a fixed term of service.”
“To be a member of the militia is to be a traitor to the union, for the militia is a weapon wielded by the employers to crush the workers in the struggle between the warring groups.”
“This Montana militia is a bunch who demand that some local town in Montana form a militia and that all males over age 18 be be required to serve.”
“The word militia is also used in Article 2, Section 2 - "The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States”
“Wherefore his Human Defense Union is seriously talking about arming itself, forming what it calls a militia; and Dagny has phoned him to discuss this on an encrypted line.”
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