from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. See opiate.
- adj. Opiate.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A substance that is like opium.
- n. Any of the natural substances, such as an endorphin, released in the body in response to pain.
- n. Any of a group of synthetic compounds that exhibit similarities to the opium alkaloids that occur in nature.
"There is little evidence that long-term opioid use is efficacious in reducing pain, much less in restoring function, the true goal of treatment," Seth Berkowitz and Mitchell Katz, physicians at the Los Angeles County Department of Health Services, wrote in
Veteran patients who receive long-term opioid prescriptions generally are treated with modest and st ...
The researchers analyzed the medical, social and demographic characteristics of the participants and concluded that smoking and nonsurgical treatment independently predicted long-term opioid use, but pain severity did not.
Smoking, as well as the medicinal use of opioid painkillers such as oxycodone, are independent predictors of longer-term opioid pain medication use among patients with chronic back pain caused by lumbar spine conditions, a new U.S. study finds.
Therefore, the researchers were unable to consider substance abuse as a predictor of long-term opioid use.
The implications are controversial as published studies provide little evidence indicating which patients will benefit from long-term opioid treatment.
New research, published in The Journal of Pain, identifies predictors of long-term opioid use among patients with chronic back pain caused by lumbar spine conditions.
From their analysis of the demographic, medical and social characteristics of study participants, the researchers found that nonsurgical treatment and smoking independently predicted continued long-term opioid use and pain severity did not.
A take-home message for physicians reading this review is that all relevant studies find that long-term opioid therapy improves the life of non-cancer patients experiencing chronic pain and is both safe and effective, DeLuca said, and there is zero evidence to the contrary.
Healthcare providers can be reasonably assured that only a very small percentage of their patients with chronic pain, if any, will exhibit abuse / addiction when receiving long-term opioid analgesics.
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