Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The study of speech sounds in language or a language with reference to their distribution and patterning and to tacit rules governing pronunciation.
  • n. The sound system of a language: the phonology of English.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The study of the way sounds function in languages, including phonemes, syllable structure, stress, accent, intonation, and which sounds are distinctive units within a language.
  • n. The way sounds function within a given language.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The science or doctrine of the elementary sounds uttered by the human voice in speech, including the various distinctions, modifications, and combinations of tones; phonetics. Also, a treatise on sounds.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The science or doctrine of the sounds uttered by the human voice, or used in a particular language; phonetics.
  • n. That part of grammar which treats of pronunciation. Compare orthoëpy.
  • n. The system of sounds and of their combinations in a language.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the study of the sound system of a given language and the analysis and classification of its phonemes

Etymologies

From phono- + -logy. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • And the mora clearly is a salient concept in Japanese phonology.

    languagehat.com: LEPCHA [MORA].

  • It ignores the many aspects of grammar that are not recursive, such as phonology, morphology, case, agreement, and many properties of words.

    "One of the Grossest Oversimplifications of All Time"

  • In my experience, the dialogue that borders on tiring (which really isn't the right word -- I'd say challenging) is that which focuses on spelling words differently to highlight pronunciation (phonology) instead of taking the time to depict how a dialect is syntactically different.

    Angela Flournoy: On Dialect, Dialogue and Good Books

  • Apart from the inevitable (and sometimes intractable) problems involved in reconfiguring my knowledge of phonology so as to accommodate North American accents, the question that simply will not go away is this: Can pronunciation be taught?

    August « 2010 « An A-Z of ELT

  • Krashen language analysis literacy memorization methodology monitor motivation noun phrase pattern practice phonology presentation pronunciation reading sentence

    T is for Time « An A-Z of ELT

  • Finally, Stumpf made a significant contribution to the field of phonology and conducted extensive research on the nature of vowels and linguistic sounds, which led to the publication of his book

    On A Trans-Atlantic Flight

  • Those areas of linguistics which can be investigated independently of psychology, e.g. phonology, are no part of philosophy of language.

    Anton Marty

  • “Thinking and Speaking” of 1795 formed the theoretical basis also for his empirical work into the phonemic structures of natural languages where his research anticipated modern linguists ', e.g. Trubetzkoy's and Jakobson's, conception of phonology.

    Wilhelm von Humboldt

  • Words, in the sense indicated, are individuated by a number of variables, including orthography, phonology, etymology, grammatical function and sense (s).

    Types and Tokens

  • The African winterthorn is famous for its unusual phonology.

    Chapter 10

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