American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. Any of numerous African and Eurasian shrubs or small trees of the genus Tamarix, having small scalelike leaves and racemes of white, pink, or red flowers.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A plant of the genus Tamarix: sometimes called flowering cypress. The common tamarisk is T. Gallica a shrub or small tree of the Mediterranean region and southern Asia. It is a prized ornamental shrub of feathery aspect, with scale-like leaves, and bearing clouds of pink flowers in late summer. It is a highly adaptable plant, thriving in wet, dry, or salty ground, rooting readily from slips and pushing forth vigorously; hence it is suitable for planting on shores and embankments. In the northern United States, however, it dies to the ground in severe winters. The stem and leaves contain much sulphate of soda. A variety produces Jews' or tamarisk manna. (See
manna.) T. articulata (T. orientails) is the chief source of tamarisk-galls, which are said to contain 50 per cent. of tannin, and are used in dyeing and medicine. It is found in northwest India and westward, and is sometimes distinguished as tamarisk salt-tree, from its secreting salt which incrusts its trunk in sufficient quantity for some culinary use. It is a bush or tree of coniferous aspect. T. dioica of India, etc., yields a pale-yellow soluble resin.
- n. Any plant of the order Tamariscincæ.
- n. Any of several shrubs, of the genus Tamarix, native to the Mediterranean. Introduced into the United States as an ornamental plant, it is now a weed.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Bot.) Any shrub or tree of the genus Tamarix, the species of which are European and Asiatic. They have minute scalelike leaves, and small flowers in spikes. An Arabian species (Tamarix mannifera) is the source of one kind of manna.
- n. any shrub or small tree of the genus Tamarix having small scalelike or needle-shaped leaves and feathery racemes of small white or pinkish flowers; of mostly coastal areas with saline soil
- Middle English tamarisc, from Late Latin tamariscus, variant of Latin tamarīx, tamarīc-. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Lord as on another occasion (Nu 11: 31). and in the morning ... a small round thing ... manna -- There is a gum of the same name distilled in this desert region from the tamarisk, which is much prized by the natives, and preserved carefully by those who gather it.”
“The Colorado River is in extreme stress from an invasive non-native shrub called the tamarisk, which was sourced from the eastern Mediterranean to stabilize erosion of riverbeds.”
“The USDA Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service last week formally ended its program of releasing saltcedar leaf beetles to eat saltcedar, also known as tamarisk, in 13 states:”
“In fact, they have been so successful in central Asia that in some areas, it is hard to find tamarisk, which is still prized as an ornamental, Enstrom said.”
“Dan Bean, the Colorado Department of Agriculture's director of biological pest control, said 100,000 yellow-striped Diorhabda beetles have already been released along the Arkansas River to help contain the spread of a voracious weed called tamarisk, The Denver Post said Monday.”
“Plants such as tamarisk (Tamarix sp.) and giant cane (Arundinaria gigantea) are outcompeting native species and replacing them along the banks of the river, thus greatly altering the riparian zone.”
“I find with a little googling that it also refers to a kind of tamarisk tree in the American southwest, Olneya tesota, and to the Indian rose chestnut, Mesua sp.”
“Salted foods or plants that tolerate salt such as tamarisk, which may have high salt concentrations in their leaves (section 5.6), should not be used in the compost pile.”
“He added there is "lots of dry, dry fuel," such as tamarisk, oak brush and cattails.”
“For years, Schnurr, a BLM ranger, has spearheaded efforts to remove pesky invasive tree and shrub species such as tamarisk, Russian olive, Russian knapweed and purple loosestrife.”
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