Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The act of joining.
  • n. The state of being joined.
  • n. A joint or simultaneous occurrence; concurrence: the conjunction of historical and economic forces that created a depression.
  • n. One resulting from or embodying a union; a combination: "He is, in fact, a remarkable conjunction of talents” ( Jerry Adler).
  • n. Grammar The part of speech that serves to connect words, phrases, clauses, or sentences.
  • n. Grammar Any of the words belonging to this part of speech, such as and, but, as, and because.
  • n. Astronomy The position of two celestial bodies on the celestial sphere when they have the same celestial longitude.
  • n. Logic A compound proposition that has components joined by the word and or its symbol and is true only if both or all the components are true.
  • n. Logic The relationship between the components of a conjunction.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. The act of joining, or condition of being joined.
  • n. Sexual intercourse.
  • n. A word used to join other words or phrases together into sentences. The specific conjunction used shows how the two joined parts are related. Example: Bread, butter and cheese.
  • n. The alignment of two bodies in the solar system such that they have the same longitude when seen from Earth.
  • n. An aspect in which planets are in close proximity to one another.
  • n. The proposition resulting from the combination of two or more propositions using the ∧ () operator.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The act of conjoining, or the state of being conjoined, united, or associated; union; association; league.
  • n. The meeting of two or more stars or planets in the same degree of the zodiac. See the Note under Aspect, n., 6.
  • n. A connective or connecting word; an indeclinable word which serves to join together sentences, clauses of a sentence, or words.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A joining or meeting of individuals or of distinct things; union; connection; combination; association.
  • n. In astronomy, the meeting of two or more stars or planets in the same longitude: as, the conjunction of the moon with the sun, or of Jupiter and Saturn.
  • n. In grammar, a connective particle serving to unite clauses of a sentence, or coördinate words in the same sentence or clause, and indicating their relation to one another.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. something that joins or connects
  • n. the state of being joined together
  • n. the grammatical relation between linguistic units (words or phrases or clauses) that are connected by a conjunction
  • n. (astronomy) apparent meeting or passing of two or more celestial bodies in the same degree of the zodiac
  • n. the temporal property of two things happening at the same time
  • n. an uninflected function word that serves to conjoin words or phrases or clauses or sentences

Etymologies

Middle English coniunccioun, from Old French conjunction, conjuncion, from Latin coniūnctiō, coniūnctiōn-, a joining, conjunction (in grammatical sense, translation of Greek sundesmos, binding together, conjunction), from coniūnctus, past participle of coniungere, to join; see conjoin.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Via Old French from Latin coniūnctiō ("joining"), from coniungere ("to join"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The word "conjunction" is also used when the earth, the sun, and one of the other planets are all in the same plane.

    Week in Words

  • My students are amazed – and grateful – to be told that starting a sentence with a conjunction is all right.

    Guerrilla Prescriptivism « Motivated Grammar

  • The idea conveyed by what we call the conjunction "and" is expressed in Chinese by an ideogram, viz. 及, which was originally the picture of a hand, seizing what might be the tail of the coat of a man preceding, _scilicet_ following.

    China and the Chinese

  • Forgive the drive-by (I was following a breadcrumb from j_bluestocking's journal) -- but there may still be a script for Equivocation available through the Tudor Guild, released by the Oregon Shakespeare Festival in conjunction with last year's production.

    The Duchess of Malfi

  • The first three (conducted in conjunction with the Yomiuri Shimbun) are on Tokyo hotels people want to stay in, foreign cars people want to ride, and favourite coffee shops.

    Twitter Weekly Updates for 2009-06-21

  • This extremely detailed survey from goo Research in conjunction with the NTT DATA Institute of Management Consulting, Inc looked at old people and computer and internet usage, and comparing these habits with that of younger people.

    Japanese senior computer and surfing habits: part 2 of 3

  • We Are Golf, a new coalition led by four of the game's leading associations and supported by other small businesses, met with key members of Congress last week in conjunction with the third annual National Golf Day.

    On the bag: Now playing, Return to PGA Tour's island

  • For those that have studied the history of wildlife management the success's took place in conjunction with the management of forests not the "let nature work her course" approach.

    Montana To Consider Bill Protecting Fish Habitat and Forest Jobs

  • Plus, if hydogen fuel cells are used in conjunction with "green" energy sources, then there are positive externalities versus a combustion engine that have to be taken into account, no?

    Economics of Hydrogen, II, Arnold Kling | EconLog | Library of Economics and Liberty

  • The thing that a prospective college student needs to evaluate when looking at a top-tier college versus other alternatives is how valuable the wider mission and network effects of the top-tier institution are in conjunction with the academic portion.

    Academic Lock-in, Arnold Kling | EconLog | Library of Economics and Liberty

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