from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- transitive v. To change the nature or natural qualities of.
- transitive v. To render unfit to eat or drink without destroying usefulness in other applications, especially to add methanol to (ethyl alcohol).
- transitive v. Biochemistry To cause the tertiary structure of (a protein) to unfold, as with heat, alkali, or acid, so that some of its original properties, especially its biological activity, are diminished or eliminated.
- transitive v. Biochemistry To cause the paired strands of (double-stranded DNA) to separate into individual single strands.
- transitive v. Physics To add nonfissionable matter to (fissionable material) so as to prevent use in an atomic weapon.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- v. To take away a natural characteristic or inherent property of a thing or a person.
- v. to add something that makes alcohol unsuitable for consumption but leaves the alcohol suitable for other purposes.
- v. To subject (especially a protein) to conditions altering its original form or state.
- v. To combine fissionable material with nonfissionable material in order to prevent its use in an atomic weapon.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- intransitive v. To become denatured.
- transitive v. To deprive of its natural qualities; change the nature of.
- transitive v. to render (ethyl alcohol) unfit to drink by adding in toxic or unpalatable substances (such as benzene or pyridine) which nevertherless permit alcohol to be used as a solvent.
- transitive v. modify the tertiary structure of (a protein or nucleic acid) so as to reduce or destroy its characteristic biological activity.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Same as denaturize.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. modify (as a native protein) especially by heat, acid, alkali, or ultraviolet radiation so that all of the original properties are removed or diminished
- v. make (alcohol) unfit for drinking without impairing usefulness for other purposes
- v. add nonfissionable material to (fissionable material) so as to make unsuitable for use in an atomic bomb
Sorry, no etymologies found.
I can determine the rate/frequency with which nucleotides "denature" under a range of conditions that are not biologically relevant.
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev engineers have developed a technique to "denature" plutonium created in large nuclear reactors, making it unsuitable for use in nuclear arms.
It is much more toxic than ethanol, and in fact is often used to "denature" ethanol.
A New York Times columnist found another way to denature Sheriff Dupnik's condemnation of vitriol.
Who wants to read a nature book where the premise is that "nature" is "out there" and we must denature ourselves to find it?
Unfortunately, proponents of an empathic science must endure the perennial charge from critics that they seek to denature science, destroy its objectivity, and hold it hostage to the emotional whims of sloppy investigators.
And that's based on the two temperatures that myosin and actin, which are two different proteins that occur in mammalian meat, denature.
Eggs don't begin to cook and denature until 142, 144 Fahrenheit.
So, again, since so much of cooking is about time and temperature, collagen happens to hydrolyze and denature starting around somewhere in the order of, well, let's call 160.
When you hold food at certain temperatures, just like that sugar melting, you can cause certain proteins to denature and keep others native.