Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. One who receives or entertains guests in a social or official capacity.
  • n. A person who manages an inn or hotel.
  • n. One that furnishes facilities and resources for a function or event: the city chosen as host for the Olympic Games.
  • n. The emcee or interviewer on a radio or television program.
  • n. Biology The animal or plant on which or in which another organism lives.
  • n. Medicine The recipient of a transplanted tissue or organ.
  • n. Computer Science A computer containing data or programs that another computer can access by means of a network or modem.
  • transitive v. Usage Problem To serve as host to or at: "the garden party he had hosted last spring” ( Saturday Review).
  • n. An army.
  • n. A great number; a multitude. See Synonyms at multitude.
  • n. Ecclesiastical The consecrated bread or wafer of the Eucharist.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A multitude of people arrayed as an army; used also in religious senses, as: Heavenly host (of angels)
  • n. A large number of items; a large inventory.
  • n. A person who allows a guest, particularly into the host’s home.
  • n. A person or organization responsible for running an event.
  • n. A moderator or master of ceremonies for a performance.
  • n. Any computer attached to a network.
  • n. A computer or software component that provides services.
  • n. A cell or organism which harbors another organism or biological entity, usually a parasite.
  • n. An organism bearing certain genetic material.
  • n. Consecrated bread such as that used in the Christian ceremony of the Eucharist.
  • v. To perform the role of a host.
  • v. To lodge at an inn.
  • v. To run software made available to a remote user or process.
  • n. The consecrated bread or wafer of the Eucharist.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. The consecrated wafer, believed to be the body of Christ, which in the Mass is offered as a sacrifice; also, the bread before consecration.
  • n. An army; a number of men gathered for war.
  • n. Any great number or multitude; a throng.
  • n. One who receives or entertains another, whether gratuitously or for compensation; one from whom another receives food, lodging, or entertainment; a landlord.
  • n. Any animal or plant affording lodgment or subsistence to a parasitic or commensal organism. .
  • transitive v. To give entertainment to.
  • intransitive v. To lodge at an inn; to take up entertainment.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. An army; a multitude of men organized for war.
  • n. Any great number or multitude.
  • To assemble or move as an army.
  • n. One who receives and entertains another in his own house, whether gratuitously or for pay; an entertainer; specifically, the landlord of a public house or inn: the correlative of guest.
  • n. An animal or a plant in relation to a parasite habitually dwelling in or upon it. The correlative term, in either case, is guest. See commensal, guest, inquiline, parasite, hyperparasite.
  • n. In zoölogy the term is a very general and comprehensive one, since almost all animals are infested, or liable to infestation, by parasites of some kind; and some parasites are themselves hosts of others.
  • n. In mineralogy, a mineral which incloses another.
  • n. One who is entertained by another as his guest; a guest.
  • n. An inn; a lodging.
  • To lodge, as at an inn; receive entertainment; be a guest.
  • To give entertainment to; receive as a guest.
  • n. An offering; a sacrifice.
  • n. In the Western Ch.: The sacramental victim in the eucharist; Christ offered under the species of bread and wine, or under either species separately.
  • n. One of the pieces of bread used for consecration in the mass or eucharist; au altar-bread, oblate, or wafer.
  • To administer the sacrament to.
  • n. Same as hoast.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a vast multitude
  • v. be the host of or for
  • n. an animal or plant that nourishes and supports a parasite; it does not benefit and is often harmed by the association
  • n. the owner or manager of an inn
  • n. (computer science) a computer that provides client stations with access to files and printers as shared resources to a computer network
  • n. (medicine) recipient of transplanted tissue or organ from a donor
  • n. any organization that provides resources and facilities for a function or event
  • n. a person who acts as host at formal occasions (makes an introductory speech and introduces other speakers)
  • n. archaic terms for army
  • n. a person who invites guests to a social event (such as a party in his or her own home) and who is responsible for them while they are there
  • n. a technical name for the bread used in the service of Mass or Holy Communion

Etymologies

Middle English, host, guest, from Old French, from Latin hospes, hospit-.
Middle English, from Old French, from Late Latin hostis, from Latin, enemy.
Middle English, from Latin hostia, sacrifice.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Old French hoste, from Middle Latin hostis ("foreign enemy") (as opposed to inimicus ("personal enemy")), cognate with etymology 1. (Wiktionary)
From Old French oste (French: hôte), from Middle Latin hospitem, accusative of hospes ("a host, also a sourjourner, visitor, guest; hence, a foreigner, a stranger"), probably contr. of originally *hostipes, from hostis ("a stranger") + -pes. Used in English since 13th Century. (Wiktionary)
From Middle English also oist, ost, from Old French hoiste, from Latin hostia ("sacrificial victim"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

Comments

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  • guest and host (and also hostile, hospice, hospital and hospitable ) are from the same Indo-European root, ghos-ti- , a stranger or 'someone with whom one has reciprocal duties of hospitality.'

    Can it get much stranger? Give the outside a ghost (ghost is derived from the IE root gheis- - spirit, breathe) of a chance!

    March 4, 2013

  • Host is the Czech word for guest according to futilitycloset.com.

    March 4, 2013

  • Contranymic in the sense of an individual vs. a multitude.

    March 2, 2007