from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. An institution for the instruction of children or people under college age.
  • n. An institution for instruction in a skill or business: a secretarial school; a karate school.
  • n. A college or university.
  • n. An institution within or associated with a college or university that gives instruction in a specialized field and recommends candidates for degrees.
  • n. A division of an educational institution constituting several grades or classes: advanced to the upper school.
  • n. The student body of an educational institution.
  • n. The building or group of buildings housing an educational institution.
  • n. The process of being educated formally, especially education constituting a planned series of courses over a number of years: The children were put to school at home. What do you plan to do when you finish school?
  • n. A session of instruction: School will start in three weeks. He had to stay after school today.
  • n. A group of people, especially philosophers, artists, or writers, whose thought, work, or style demonstrates a common origin or influence or unifying belief: the school of Aristotle; the Venetian school of painters.
  • n. A group of people distinguished by similar manners, customs, or opinions: aristocrats of the old school.
  • n. Close-order drill instructions or exercises for military units or personnel.
  • n. Australian A group of people gathered together for gambling.
  • transitive v. To educate in or as if in a school.
  • transitive v. To train or discipline: She is well schooled in literature. See Synonyms at teach.
  • adj. Of or relating to school or education in schools: school supplies; a school dictionary.
  • n. A large group of aquatic animals, especially fish, swimming together; a shoal. See Synonyms at flock1.
  • intransitive v. To swim in or form into a school.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A group of fish or a group of marine mammals such as porpoises, dolphins, or whales.
  • v. To form into, or travel in a school.
  • n. An institution dedicated to teaching and learning; an educational institution.
  • n. An educational institution providing primary and secondary education, prior to tertiary education (college or university).
  • n. Within a larger educational institution, an organizational unit, such as a department or institute, which is dedicated to a specific subject area.
  • n. The followers of a particular doctrine; a particular way of thinking or particular doctrine; a school of thought.
  • n. The time during which classes are attended or in session in an educational institution.
  • v. To educate, teach, or train (often, but not necessarily, in a school.)
  • v. To defeat emphatically, to teach an opponent a harsh lesson.
  • v. To control, or compose, one's expression.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A shoal; a multitude.
  • n. A place for learned intercourse and instruction; an institution for learning; an educational establishment; a place for acquiring knowledge and mental training.
  • n. A place of primary instruction; an establishment for the instruction of children.
  • n. A session of an institution of instruction.
  • n. One of the seminaries for teaching logic, metaphysics, and theology, which were formed in the Middle Ages, and which were characterized by academical disputations and subtilties of reasoning.
  • n. The room or hall in English universities where the examinations for degrees and honors are held.
  • n. An assemblage of scholars; those who attend upon instruction in a school of any kind; a body of pupils.
  • n. The disciples or followers of a teacher; those who hold a common doctrine, or accept the same teachings; a sect or denomination in philosophy, theology, science, medicine, politics, etc.
  • n. The canons, precepts, or body of opinion or practice, sanctioned by the authority of a particular class or age.
  • n. Figuratively, any means of knowledge or discipline.
  • transitive v. To train in an institution of learning; to educate at a school; to teach.
  • transitive v. To tutor; to chide and admonish; to reprove; to subject to systematic discipline; to train.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A place where instruction is given in arts, science, languages, or any species of learning; an institution for learning; an educational establishment; a school-house; a school-room.
  • n. The body of pupils collectively in any place of instruction, and under the direction of one or more teachers: as, to have a large school.
  • n. A session of an institution of instruction; exercises of instruction; school-work.
  • n. In the middle ages, a lecture-room, especially in a university or college; hence, the body of masters and students in a university; a university or college; in the plural, the schools, the scholastics generally.
  • n. A large room or hall in English universities where the examinations for degrees and honors take place.
  • n. The disciples or followers of a teacher; those who hold a common doctrine or accept the same teachings or principles; those who exhibit in practice the same general methods, principles, tastes, or intellectual bent; a sect or denomination in philosophy, theology, science, art, etc.; a system of doctrine as delivered by particular teachers: as, the Socratic school; the painters of the Italian school; the musicians of the German school; economists of the laisser-faire school.
  • n. A system or state of matters prevalent at a certain time; a specific method or cast of thought; a particular system of training with special reference to conduct and manners: as, a gentleman of the old school; specifically, the manifestation or the results of the coöperation of a school (in sense 6): as, paintings of the Italian Renaissance school.
  • n. Any place or means of discipline, improvement, instruction, or training.
  • n. In music, a book or treatise designed to teach some particular branch of the art: as, A.'s violin school.
  • Pertaining or relating to a school or to education: as, a school custom.
  • Pertaining to the schoolmen; scholastic: as, school philosophy (scholasticism).
  • To educate, instruct, or train in or as in school; teach.
  • To teach, train, or discipline with the thoroughness and strictness of a school; discipline thoroughly; bring under control.
  • To discipline or take to task; reprove; chide and admonish.
  • To form or go in a school, as fish; run together; shoal.
  • To go or move in a body; troop.
  • n. A large number of fish, or porpoises, whales, or the like, feeding or migrating together; a company.
  • n. A medical sect, followers of Stahl, so called because of the doctrine that all vital phenomena proceed from the action of an internal force. See animism, 2.
  • n. A school maintained in a community by taxes levied for the purpose.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. teach or refine to be discriminative in taste or judgment
  • n. a large group of fish
  • n. an educational institution's faculty and students
  • v. educate in or as if in a school
  • n. a body of creative artists or writers or thinkers linked by a similar style or by similar teachers
  • n. a building where young people receive education
  • n. the process of being formally educated at a school
  • n. the period of instruction in a school; the time period when school is in session
  • n. an educational institution
  • v. swim in or form a large group of fish


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

Middle English scole, from Old English scōl, from Latin schola, scola, from Greek skholē; see segh- in Indo-European roots.
Middle English scole, from Middle Dutch; see skel-1 in Indo-European roots.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English schole ("group of persons, multitude, host, school of fish"), from Middle Dutch scole (Dutch school, "multitude, troop of people, swarm of animals"), from Old Saxon scola, skola ("troop, multitude"), from Proto-Germanic *skulō (“crowd”), from Proto-Indo-European *(s)kʷel- (“crowd, people”). Cognate with Middle Low German schōle ("multitude, troop"), Old English scolu ("troop or band of people, host, multitude, school of fish"). More at shoal.



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  • “The one flaw in Lafayette that his American friends began to notice as he entered his thirties was his love of the applause he had received. He would never consciously do a dishonorable thing to win more, but he had not learned the republican art of schooling his ambition.”

    -- Richard Brookhiser, “Gentleman Revolutionary”, p103 of the Free Press paperback

    September 11, 2011