Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A group or company of people, animals, or things. See Synonyms at band2, flock1.
  • n. A group of soldiers.
  • n. Military units; soldiers.
  • n. A unit of cavalry, armored vehicles, or artillery in a European army, corresponding to a platoon in the U.S. Army.
  • n. A unit of at least five Boy Scouts or Girl Scouts under the guidance of an adult leader.
  • n. A great many; a lot.
  • intransitive v. To move or go as a throng.
  • intransitive v. To assemble or move in crowds.
  • intransitive v. To consort; associate.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A collection of people; a company; a number; a multitude.
  • n. A small unit of cavalry or armour commanded by a captain, corresponding to a platoon or company of infantry.
  • n. A detachment of soldiers or police, especially horse artillery, armour, or state troopers.
  • n. Soldiers, military forces (usually "troops").
  • n. A company of stageplayers; a troupe.
  • n. A particular roll of the drum
  • n. a unit of girl or boy scouts
  • n. an orderly crowd
  • n. Mushrooms that are in a close group but not close enough to be called a cluster.
  • v. To move in numbers; to come or gather in crowds or troops.
  • v. To march on; to go forward in haste.
  • v. to move or march as if in a crowd; “The children trooped into the room”.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A collection of people; a company; a number; a multitude.
  • n. Soldiers, collectively; an army; -- now generally used in the plural.
  • n. Specifically, a small body of cavalry, light horse, or dragoons, consisting usually of about sixty men, commanded by a captain; the unit of formation of cavalry, corresponding to the company in infantry. Formerly, also, a company of horse artillery; a battery.
  • n. A company of stageplayers; a troupe.
  • n. A particular roll of the drum; a quick march.
  • n. See Boy scout, above.
  • intransitive v. To move in numbers; to come or gather in crowds or troops.
  • intransitive v. To march on; to go forward in haste.
  • transitive v.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. An assemblage of people; a multitude; a company; a band.
  • n. A body of soldiers: generally used in the plural, signifying soldiers in general, whether more or less numerous, and whether belonging to the infantry, cavalry, or artillery.
  • n. In cavalry, the unit of formation, consisting usually of sixty troopers, commanded by a captain, and corresponding to a company of infantry.
  • n. Hence The command by commission and rank of such a troop of horse.
  • n. A band or company of performers; a troupe.
  • n. A particular roll or call of the drum; a signal for marching.
  • n. Tony's beat of the troop was the signal for the soldiers to assemble.
  • n. A herd or flock of beasts or birds: as, a troop of antelopes or sparrows.
  • To assemble or gather in crowds; flock together.
  • To march; to march in or form part of a troop or company.
  • To march off in haste.
  • To associate or consort.
  • To associate as in a troop or company.
  • To form into troops, as a regiment.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. march in a procession
  • n. a group of soldiers
  • n. a unit of Girl or Boy Scouts
  • n. a cavalry unit corresponding to an infantry company
  • v. move or march as if in a crowd
  • n. an orderly crowd

Etymologies

French troupe, from Old French trope, probably from Vulgar Latin *troppu-.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Attested in English since 1545, from French troupe (back-formation of troupeau, diminutive of Medieval Latin troppus "flock") and Middle French trouppe (from Old French trope ("band, company, troop")), both of Germanic origin from Old Frankish *þrop (throp, “assembly, gathering”), from Proto-Germanic *þurpan (“village, land, estate”), from Proto-Germanic *treb- (“dwelling, settlement”). Akin to Old English þorp, þrop ("village, farm, estate") (Modern English thorp), Old Frisian þorp, Old Norse þorp. More at thorp. (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • As you draw down through July, you then pause with that new force structure, you do what they call a troop-to-task analysis to see if you have enough troops or the right type against the right task to continue the mission.

    CNN Transcript Apr 10, 2008

  • Senate Republicans saying the troop surge, what they call the troop surge, is turning things around.

    CNN Transcript Jul 12, 2007

  • In analyzing what we call troop to task, meaning what do you need to do and how many folks do you need to do it -- in analyzing that, General Casey and his Iraqi counterparts have determined that there are more forces needed, more Iraqi forces for sure.

    CNN Transcript Jan 11, 2007

  • I stood up to pop what we call a troop strap (ph).

    CNN Transcript Aug 5, 2005

  • That sullen, good-for-nothing brute, Balmawhapple, was sent to escort you from Doune, with what he calls his troop of horse.

    The Waverley

  • If Obama had announced an increase in troop strength in any way different from the policy he did announce, America's Conservatives would have opposed his decision.

    CNN Poll: Americans mostly agree with Obama on Afghanistan

  • Upon taking office Obama immediately authorized an increase in troop levels – something that President Bush refused to do – bringing US troop levels in Afghanistan to the highest they had ever been.

    Think Progress » Mitt Romney Claims That President Obama’s Words ‘Support’ 911 Truthers Abroad

  • One of the most important questions the Army asks every young troop is religion.

    Dr Gyi

  • In addition to waiting for the release of a report about likely increases in troop levels from the top U.S. military commander on the ground, Shaheen said Congress should also wait on information relating to the benchmarks it has “mandated” from the White House for determining success of the mission in Afghanistan.

    Dem senators: Afghanistan mission needs timeline, clarity

  • But I think there will not be a significant increase in troop levels in Afghanistan beyond the 68,000, at least probably through the end of the year.

    Gates open to more U.S. troops in Afghanistan

Comments

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  • "We will take whatever measures necessary to win," Bush added. "Isn't that right, Tim?"

    (Old link, but still funny.)

    October 21, 2008