from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A group or company of people, animals, or things. See Synonyms at band2, flock1.
  • n. A group of soldiers.
  • n. Military units; soldiers.
  • n. A unit of cavalry, armored vehicles, or artillery in a European army, corresponding to a platoon in the U.S. Army.
  • n. A unit of at least five Boy Scouts or Girl Scouts under the guidance of an adult leader.
  • n. A great many; a lot.
  • intransitive v. To move or go as a throng.
  • intransitive v. To assemble or move in crowds.
  • intransitive v. To consort; associate.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A collection of people; a company; a number; a multitude.
  • n. A small unit of cavalry or armour commanded by a captain, corresponding to a platoon or company of infantry.
  • n. A detachment of soldiers or police, especially horse artillery, armour, or state troopers.
  • n. Soldiers, military forces (usually "troops").
  • n. A company of stageplayers; a troupe.
  • n. A particular roll of the drum
  • n. a unit of girl or boy scouts
  • n. an orderly crowd
  • n. Mushrooms that are in a close group but not close enough to be called a cluster.
  • v. To move in numbers; to come or gather in crowds or troops.
  • v. To march on; to go forward in haste.
  • v. to move or march as if in a crowd; “The children trooped into the room”.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A collection of people; a company; a number; a multitude.
  • n. Soldiers, collectively; an army; -- now generally used in the plural.
  • n. Specifically, a small body of cavalry, light horse, or dragoons, consisting usually of about sixty men, commanded by a captain; the unit of formation of cavalry, corresponding to the company in infantry. Formerly, also, a company of horse artillery; a battery.
  • n. A company of stageplayers; a troupe.
  • n. A particular roll of the drum; a quick march.
  • n. See Boy scout, above.
  • intransitive v. To move in numbers; to come or gather in crowds or troops.
  • intransitive v. To march on; to go forward in haste.
  • transitive v.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To assemble or gather in crowds; flock together.
  • To march; to march in or form part of a troop or company.
  • To march off in haste.
  • To associate or consort.
  • To associate as in a troop or company.
  • To form into troops, as a regiment.
  • n. An assemblage of people; a multitude; a company; a band.
  • n. A body of soldiers: generally used in the plural, signifying soldiers in general, whether more or less numerous, and whether belonging to the infantry, cavalry, or artillery.
  • n. In cavalry, the unit of formation, consisting usually of sixty troopers, commanded by a captain, and corresponding to a company of infantry.
  • n. Hence The command by commission and rank of such a troop of horse.
  • n. A band or company of performers; a troupe.
  • n. A particular roll or call of the drum; a signal for marching.
  • n. Tony's beat of the troop was the signal for the soldiers to assemble.
  • n. A herd or flock of beasts or birds: as, a troop of antelopes or sparrows.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. march in a procession
  • n. a group of soldiers
  • n. a unit of Girl or Boy Scouts
  • n. a cavalry unit corresponding to an infantry company
  • v. move or march as if in a crowd
  • n. an orderly crowd


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

French troupe, from Old French trope, probably from Vulgar Latin *troppu-.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

Attested in English since 1545, from French troupe (back-formation of troupeau, diminutive of Medieval Latin troppus "flock") and Middle French trouppe (from Old French trope ("band, company, troop")), both of Germanic origin from Old Frankish *þrop (throp, “assembly, gathering”), from Proto-Germanic *þurpan (“village, land, estate”), from Proto-Germanic *treb- (“dwelling, settlement”). Akin to Old English þorp, þrop ("village, farm, estate") (Modern English thorp), Old Frisian þorp, Old Norse þorp. More at thorp.


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  • Senate Republicans saying the troop surge, what they call the troop surge, is turning things around.

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    CNN Transcript Jan 11, 2007

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  • "We will take whatever measures necessary to win," Bush added. "Isn't that right, Tim?"

    (Old link, but still funny.)

    October 21, 2008