Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A single-masted, fore-and-aft-rigged sailing boat with a short standing bowsprit or none at all and a single headsail set from the forestay.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A single-masted sailboat with only one headsail.
  • n. A sailing warship, smaller than a frigate, with its guns all on one deck.
  • n. a sloop of war, smaller than a frigate, larger than a corvette

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A vessel having one mast and fore-and-aft rig, consisting of a boom-and-gaff mainsail, jibs, staysail, and gaff topsail. The typical sloop has a fixed bowsprit, topmast, and standing rigging, while those of a cutter are capable of being readily shifted. The sloop usually carries a centerboard, and depends for stability upon breadth of beam rather than depth of keel. The two types have rapidly approximated since 1880. One radical distinction is that a sloop may carry a centerboard. See cutter, and Illustration in Appendix.
  • n. In modern usage, a sailing vessel having one mast, commonly with a Bermuda rig, with either a center-board or a keel. In the United States, a sloop may have one or two headsails, while in Western Europe and Great Britain a sloop has only one headsail.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A small fore-and-aft rigged vessel with one mast, generally carrying a jib, fore-staysail, mainsail, and gafftopsail. Some sloops formerly had a square topsail.
  • n. In lumbering, a strong crutch of hard wood, with a strong bar across the limbs, used for drawing timber out of a swamp or inaccessible place.
  • To draw (logs of timber) on a sloop.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a sailing vessel with a single mast set about one third of the boat's length aft of the bow

Etymologies

Dutch sloep, from Middle Dutch slūpen, to glide.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Dutch sloep, from Middle Dutch slœpen ("to glide"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • The Eidolon, moored at pier number one, the one closest to the sea, carried one square-rigged mast and whatever they called a sloop's mast.

    The Magic of Recluce

  • On those lines it might be urged that whoever acquires a sloop is a pirate, whoever acquires a crowbar a burglar, whoever acquires a sword an assassin.

    The Defense

  • The sloop is a thirty-foot seaworthy Pearson that can sleep four, perfect for the Glendenning family, with a V-berth that can accommodate two up forward, and a port settee in the main salon that converts to a double berth.

    Alice in Jeopardy

  • The sloop was the Little Belt, the last of the British fleet to surrender, after a vain attempt to escape.

    The Land We Live In The Story of Our Country

  • He was what we may call the sloop's husband, but was bound to do whatever Murray commanded, to ask no questions, and to be profoundly ignorant of the real objects of the expedition.

    The Atlantic Monthly, Volume 06, No. 34, August, 1860

  • The sloop was a pretty craft, clinker built, and about the fastest sailing boat within miles of Cardhaven.

    Cap'n Abe, Storekeeper

  • Mr. Dan Beard, the famous American artist and author, and an authority in such matters, thinks the sloop is the most graceful of all the single masters.

    Healthful Sports for Boys

  • But before that happened the sloop was a thing of fire, from which explosions were hurling blazing combustibles aboard the Encarnacion, and long tongues of flame were licking out to consume the galleon, beating back those daring Spaniards who, too late, strove desperately to cut her adrift.

    Captain Blood

  • At the foot of the gangway of the "Baltimore" floated a boat from one of the British ships, and on the deck of the sloop was a lieutenant in British uniform in the act of mustering the American crew.

    The Naval History of the United States Volume 1 (of 2)

  • Fifteen men and boys sailed with him, drilled and disciplined as if the sloop were a frigate, and when the Experiment hauled into the stream, of

    The Old Merchant Marine; A chronicle of American ships and sailors

Comments

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  • Evelyn Waugh's lost novel, in which an incompetent nature writer is mistaken for a round-the-world yaughtsman, and more or less shanghai'd onto a small sailing boat which sets out for the Horn of Africa and never arrives.

    December 24, 2008

  • Pools in reverse.

    July 22, 2007