Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • transitive v. To provide with knowledge, especially in a methodical way. See Synonyms at teach.
  • transitive v. To give orders to; direct.
  • intransitive v. To serve as an instructor.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • v. To teach or direct; to give instructions.
  • n. Instruction.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adj. Arranged; furnished; provided.
  • adj. Instructed; taught; enlightened.
  • transitive v. To put in order; to form; to prepare.
  • transitive v. To form by communication of knowledge; to inform the mind of; to impart knowledge or information to; to enlighten; to teach; to discipline.
  • transitive v. To furnish with directions; to advise; to direct; to command.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • To put in order; form; prepare; guide.
  • To impart knowledge or information to; inform; teach; specifically, to train in knowledge or skill; teach or educate methodically.
  • To direct or command; furnish with orders or directions: as, to instruct an envoy or a body of delegates.
  • To notify; apprise.
  • In Scots law, to adduce evidence in support of; confirm; vouch; verify: as, to instruct a claim against a bankrupt estate.
  • Furnished; equipped.
  • Instructed; taught.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • v. impart skills or knowledge to
  • v. make aware of
  • v. give instructions or directions for some task

Etymologies

Middle English instructen, from Latin īnstruere, īnstrūct-, to prepare, instruct : in-, on; see in-2 + struere, to build; see ster-2 in Indo-European roots.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)

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