from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. An Old World bird (Corvus frugilegus) that resembles the North American crow and nests in colonies near the tops of trees.
- n. A swindler or cheat, especially at games.
- transitive v. To swindle; cheat: Customers are afraid of being rooked by unscrupulous vendors.
- n. A chess piece that may move in a straight line over any number of empty squares in a rank or file. Also called castle.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A European bird, Corvus frugilegus, of the crow family.
- n. A swindler; someone who betrays.
- n. a type of firecracker used by farmers to scare birds of the same name.
- v. To cheat or swindle.
- n. A piece shaped like a castle tower, that can be moved only up, down, left or right (but not diagonally) or in castling.
- n. A castle or other fortification.
- n. An Amish card game.
- n. A rookie.
from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English
- n. Mist; fog. See roke.
- n. One of the four pieces placed on the corner squares of the board; a castle.
- n. A European bird (Corvus frugilegus) resembling the crow, but smaller. It is black, with purple and violet reflections. The base of the beak and the region around it are covered with a rough, scabrous skin, which in old birds is whitish. It is gregarious in its habits. The name is also applied to related Asiatic species.
- n. A trickish, rapacious fellow; a cheat; a sharper.
- v. To cheat; to defraud by cheating.
- intransitive v. To squat; to ruck.
from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- To caw or croak as a crow or raven.
- To cheat; defraud.
- To cheat; defraud by cheating.
- Same as ruck.
- n. A kind of crow, Corvus frugilegus, abundant in Europe.
- n. The ruddy duck, Erismatura rubida.
- n. A cheat; a trickster or swindler; one who practises the “plucking of pigeons.” See pigeon, 2.
- n. A simpleton; a gull; one liable to be cheated.
- n. In chess, one of the four pieces placed on the corner squares of the board; a castle.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- v. deprive of by deceit
- n. common gregarious Old World bird about the size and color of the American crow
- n. (chess) the piece that can move any number of unoccupied squares in a direction parallel to the sides of the chessboard
I think the last white rook is behind the white king
The word rook comes from the Persian rukh, which means chariot.
Today, the name of the 'ruhkh' lives on in western chess as the "rook" - although the piece was converted to a tower or "castle" in western terminology; and in northern India and Pakistan many men are named after the 'shah ruhkh' including famous Bollywood actor Shahrukh Khan.
There is the study that showed how a Eurasian corvid called a rook figured out that it could raise the level of water in a pitcher by adding rocks to it, just like in the ancient Aesop fable, so it could get a drink.
Chimpy: Listen, your rook was a threat, so I removed him.
Chimpy: Listen, I know in my heart your rook was a threat.
The most important problem however in connection with the rook is the precise extent to which the bird is the farmer's enemy or his friend.
The rook is a villain, yet there is something irresistible in the effrontery with which one will hop sidelong on a gorging gull, which beats a hasty retreat before its sable rival, leaving some half-prized shellfish to be swallowed at sight or carried to the greedy little beaks in the tree-tops.
They say the rook is a very long-lived bird, and I feel as if I could swear to the way they are cawing.
POSITION OR MATERIALThere is one case which can be treated as positional or material, namely the rook's pawn, which differs from other pawns in that it can only capture one way instead of two.