from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • noun Any of various rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Salmonella, many of which are pathogenic, causing food poisoning, typhoid, and paratyphoid fever in humans and other infectious diseases in domestic animals.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun Any of several rod-shaped bacteria, of the genus Salmonella, that cause food poisoning and other diseases

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun rod-shaped Gram-negative enterobacteria; cause typhoid fever and food poisoning; can be used as a bioweapon


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[New Latin Salmonella, genus name, after Daniel Elmer Salmon, (1850–1914), American pathologist.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Salmonella, named for its discoverer, Daniel Elmer Salmon.



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  • "By the late 1960s, however, Mexico had hopes of a much greater cochineal revival. Demand for the dyestuff was growing in North America and Europe, as a consequence of the wider vogue for natural foods. Even a New York City outbreak of salmonella that was eventually traced to contaminated cochineal from Peru did not dampen enthusiasm for the dyestuff, in part because synthetic dyes were increasingly being linked with a more dreaded disease: cancer. ...

    In the early 1970s, public fears reached fever pitch when Russian research indicated that one of these dyes--known as amaranth or Red No. 2 in the United States, and as E123 in Europe--was a carcinogen. ... The United States Food and Drug Administration banned its use in foods, pharmaceuticals, and cosmetics in 1976."

    Amy Butler Greenfield, A Perfect Red: Empire, Espionage, and the Quest for the Color of Desire (New York: Harper Collins, 2005), 243.

    October 6, 2017