from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 5th Edition.

  • adjective Of or relating to human society and its modes of organization.
  • adjective Of or relating to rank and status in society.
  • adjective Of, relating to, or occupied with matters affecting human welfare.
  • adjective Interacting with other people and living in communities.
  • adjective Biology Living together in organized groups or similar close aggregates.
  • adjective Inclined to seek out or enjoy the company of others; sociable.
  • adjective Spent in or marked by friendly relations or companionship.
  • adjective Intended for convivial activities.
  • adjective Linguistics Of or relating to a variety of a language that is used by a group of people sharing some characteristic, such as ethnicity or income level, and differs in pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary from the standard variety.
  • noun An informal social gathering, as of the members of a church congregation.
  • noun Informal A Social Security number.

from The Century Dictionary.

  • Disposed to live in companies; delighting in or desirous of the company, fellowship, and coöperation of others: as, man is a social animal.
  • Companionable; sociable; ready to mix in friendly relations or intercourse with one's fellows; also, characteristic of companionable or sociable persons: as, social tastes; a man of fine social instincts.
  • Of or pertaining to society, or to the community as a body: as, social duties, interests, usages, problems, questions, etc.; social science.
  • In zoology:
  • Associating together; gregarious; given to flocking; republican; sociable: as, social ants, bees, wasps, or birds.
  • Colonial, aggregate, or compound; not simple or solitary: as, the social ascidians; social polyps. See Sociales.
  • In botany, noting species of plants, as the common ragweed (Ambrosia trifida), in which the individuals grow in clumps or patches, or often cover large tracts to the exclusion of other species.
  • Synonyms See sociable.
  • noun A sociable; an informal gathering of people, especially a church gathering.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • adjective Of or pertaining to society; relating to men living in society, or to the public as an aggregate body
  • adjective Ready or disposed to mix in friendly converse; companionable; sociable.
  • adjective Consisting in union or mutual intercourse.
  • adjective (Bot.) Naturally growing in groups or masses; -- said of many individual plants of the same species.
  • adjective Living in communities consisting of males, females, and neuters, as do ants and most bees.
  • adjective Forming compound groups or colonies by budding from basal processes or stolons.
  • adjective the science of all that relates to the social condition, the relations and institutions which are involved in man's existence and his well-being as a member of an organized community; sociology. It concerns itself with questions of the public health, education, labor, punishment of crime, reformation of criminals, and the like.
  • adjective (Zoöl.) the blackfish.
  • adjective prostitution.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun A festive gathering to foster introductions.
  • noun Canadian Prairies A dance held to raise money for a couple to be married.
  • noun UK, slang Short for social security benefit, the UK government department responsible for administering such welfare benefit, for its employees.
  • noun US Short for social security number.
  • adjective Being extroverted or outgoing.
  • adjective Of or relating to society.
  • adjective Internet Relating to social media or social networks.
  • adjective rare Relating to a nation's allies (cf. the Social War)
  • adjective zoology Cooperating in groups.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • adjective relating to human society and its members
  • adjective marked by friendly companionship with others
  • adjective relating to or belonging to or characteristic of high society
  • adjective composed of sociable people or formed for the purpose of sociability
  • noun a party of people assembled to promote sociability and communal activity
  • adjective living together or enjoying life in communities or organized groups
  • adjective tending to move or live together in groups or colonies of the same kind


from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

[Middle English sociale, domestic, from Old French social, from Latin sociālis, of companionship, from socius, companion; see sekw- in Indo-European roots.]

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle French social, from Latin sociālis ("of or belonging to a companion or companionship or association, social"), from socius ("a companion, fellow, partner, associate, ally"), from sequor ("follow").


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  • Condorcet moved from his first achievements in mathematics into public service, with the aim of applying to social and political affairs a scientific model that he termed a ˜social arithmetic.™

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