Definitions

from The Century Dictionary.

  • noun One who sums; one who casts up an account.
  • noun A pack-horse; a sumpter-horse.
  • noun In building: A large timber or beam laid as a bearing-beam. See cuts under beam, 1.
  • noun A girder.
  • noun A brest-summer.
  • noun A large stone, the first that is laid upon a column or pilaster in the construction of an arch, or of several arches uniting upon one impost, as in the ribs of groined vaulting.
  • noun A stone laid upon a column to receive a haunch of a plat-band.
  • noun A lintel.
  • To pass the summer or warm season.
  • To keep or carry through the summer.
  • To feed during the summer, as cattle.
  • noun The warmest season of the year: in the United States reckoned as the months June, July, and August; in Great Britain as May, June, and July. See season.
  • noun A whole year as represented by the summer; a twelvemonth: as, a child of three summers.
  • Of or pertaining to summer: as, summer heat; hence, sunny and warm.
  • The green sandpiper.
  • The dunlin or purre.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English.

  • noun One who sums; one who casts up an account.
  • transitive verb To keep or carry through the summer; to feed during the summer.
  • intransitive verb To pass the summer; to spend the warm season.
  • noun (Arch.) A large stone or beam placed horizontally on columns, piers, posts, or the like, serving for various uses. Specifically: (a) The lintel of a door or window. (b) The commencement of a cross vault. (c) A central floor timber, as a girder, or a piece reaching from a wall to a girder. Called also summertree.
  • noun The season of the year in which the sun shines most directly upon any region; the warmest period of the year.
  • noun in North America, a period of warm weather late in autumn, usually characterized by a clear sky, and by a hazy or smoky appearance of the atmosphere, especially near the horizon. The name is derived probably from the custom of the Indians of using this time in preparation for winter by laying in stores of food.
  • noun See under Saint.
  • noun (Zoöl.), [Prov. Eng.] the wryneck.
  • noun [Eng.] the undulating state of the air near the surface of the ground when heated.
  • noun (Med.) a popular term for any diarrheal disorder occurring in summer, especially when produced by heat and indigestion.
  • noun (Zoöl.), [Local, U.S.] the American gallinule.
  • noun (Bot.) an annual plant (Kochia Scoparia) of the Goosefoot family. It has narrow, ciliate, crowded leaves, and is sometimes seen in gardens.
  • noun (Zoöl.) The garganey, or summer teal. See Illust. of Wood duck, under Wood.
  • noun land uncropped and plowed, etc., during the summer, in order to pulverize the soil and kill the weeds.
  • noun (Med.) prickly heat. See under Prickly.
  • noun (Zoöl.), [Local, U.S.] the hooded merganser.
  • noun (Zoöl.) The green sandpiper.
  • noun (Zoöl.) a singing bird (Piranga rubra) native of the Middle and Southern United States. The male is deep red, the female is yellowish olive above and yellow beneath. Called also summer redbird.
  • noun wheat that is sown in the spring, and matures during the summer following. See Spring wheat.
  • noun (Zoöl.) See Yellowbird.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License.

  • noun obsolete A pack-horse.
  • noun A horizontal beam supporting a building.
  • noun A person who sums.
  • noun One of four seasons, traditionally the second, marked by the longest and typically hottest days of the year due to the inclination of the Earth and thermal lag. Typically regarded as being from June 22 to September 23 in parts of the USA, and the months of December, January and February in the Southern Hemisphere.
  • verb intransitive To spend the summer, as in a particular place on holiday.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • noun the warmest season of the year; in the northern hemisphere it extends from the summer solstice to the autumnal equinox
  • noun the period of finest development, happiness, or beauty
  • verb spend the summer

Etymologies

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Anglo-Norman somer, sumer, from Vulgar Latin saumārius, for Latin sagmārius, from sagma ("sum").

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

to sum + -er

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

From Middle English somer, sumer, from Old English sumor ("summer"), from Proto-Germanic *sumaraz (“summer”), from Proto-Indo-European *sam-, *sem-, *sm̥-h₂-ó- (“summer, year”). Cognate with Scots somer, sumer, simer ("summer"), West Frisian simmer ("summer"), Saterland Frisian Suumer ("summer"), Dutch zomer ("summer"), Low German Sommer ("summer"), German Sommer ("summer"), Swedish sommar ("summer"), Icelandic sumar ("summer"), Welsh haf ("summer"), Armenian ամ (am, "year"), ամառ (amaṙ, "summer"), Sanskrit  (sámā, "a half-year, season, weather, year").

Examples

  • I'm so ready for summer it's not funny. * please dear weather gods and godesses give me one solid month of sunny days before we leave for NY in December and get cheated out of summer* Don't get me wrong, I'm so excited to go home for christmas and be back in the US, but dear god ...

    lily-white Diary Entry

  • DO you know how the dream looms? how if summer misses one of us the two of us miss summer—

    Silver Wind. V. Mist Forms

  • “It’s seemed to me that it must have been a happy summer for you—a real ‘summer of roses and wine’—without the wine, perhaps.

    Chapter 11

  • A warm and open winter portends a hot Und dry summer f for the yapours disperse into the winter showers; whereas cold and frost keep them in, and convey them to the late spring and following summer*

    The Complete Weather Guide: A Collection of Practical Observations for Prognosticating the ...

  • Those are your left social engineers on a grand scale criminal types…those names up there and others too numerous to recall in small states in Africa and other places…like Cuba for instance…could anyone on the right have done the kind of social engineering that Cuba has done to their own people…even forcing parents to send their kids every summer to ’summer camps’ where they are forced to work the state-owned farms…

    Can conservatives and libertarians be feminists?

  • But now I think we are heading into some kind of summer, with all the heat and conflict and humidity and all the bad things associated with the word summer in the Arab world, she said.

    Arab Spring Transforming Into Violent Summer

  • You may sweat a little, but sweating in summer is not a catastrophe.

    World Thermostat Settings | Heretical Ideas Magazine

  • Walking out of the church in summer is always lovely.

    Angel Fish

  • Walking out of the church in summer is always lovely.

    Archive 2009-09-01

  • Hokkaido in summer is not cool enough for the polar bears in Asahikawa Zoo.

    Back! With a list « Gin&Comment

Comments

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  • Yes, weirdnet, in fact I hate those periods of time during which I'm not in a particular life state.

    June 9, 2008

  • True, Prolagus. So uncomfortable....

    June 9, 2008

  • Odd, this is different than the synsets on the WordNet page for WordNet page for Summer.

    June 10, 2008

  • Wordie time! DO Do do do...can't touch this!

    June 26, 2008

  • Haha!

    Uh oh. Earworm....

    June 27, 2008

  • let's have an estival festival.

    June 27, 2008