Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A member of a fabulous or prehistoric race of people that lived in caves, dens, or holes.
  • n. A person considered to be reclusive, reactionary, out of date, or brutish.
  • n. An anthropoid ape, such as a gorilla or chimpanzee.
  • n. An animal that lives underground, as an ant or a worm.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A member of a supposed prehistoric race that lived in caves or holes, a caveman.
  • n. Anything that lives underground.
  • n. A reclusive, reactionary or out-of-date person, especially if brutish.
  • n. The wren, Troglodytes troglodytes.
  • n. A person who chooses not to keep up-to-date with the latest software and hardware.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. One of any savage race that dwells in caves, instead of constructing dwellings; a cave dweller, or cave man. Most of the primitive races of man were troglodytes.
  • n. An anthropoid ape, as the chimpanzee.
  • n. The wren.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • Inhabiting caverns; cavedwelling; cavernicolous; spelæan; troglodytic: specifically noting human beings, apes, and birds.
  • n. A cave-dweller; a caveman; one who lives in a naturally formed cavity in the rocks, or, by extension, one who has his abode in a dwelling-place of that kind, whether constructed by enlarging a natural cave or by making an entirely new excavation.
  • n. Hence, one living in seclusion; one unacquainted with the affairs of the world.
  • n. In mammalogy, an anthropoid ape of the genus Troglodytes, as the chimpanzee or the gorilla, especially the former, which was earlier known to naturalists and was called Simia troglodytes.
  • n. In ornithology, a wren of the genus Troglodytes or family Troglodytldæ. The term is a misnomer, since no wrens live in caves.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. someone who lives in a cave
  • n. one who lives in solitude

Etymologies

From Latin Trōglodytae, a people said to be cave dwellers, from Greek Trōglodutai, alteration (influenced by trōglē, hole, and -dutai, those who enter) of Trōgodutai.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin trōglodyta ("cave dwelling people"), from Ancient Greek τρωγλοδύτης (trōglodutēs, "one who dwells in holes"), from τρώγλη (trōglē, "hole") + δύω (duō, "I get into"). (Wiktionary)

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