from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. A branch of the Afro-Asiatic language family spoken in Somalia, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and northern Kenya and including Beja, Oromo, and Somali.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- adj. pertaining to the Cushites
- proper n. a sub-family of the Afro-Asiatic family of languages.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. a group of languages spoken in Ethiopia and Somalia and northwestern Kenya and adjacent regions
The proto-Southern Cushitic root meant something like "crowd, gathering."
PSC * boohare Southern Cushitic Ma'a bure "short rains"; Proto-PNECB * - bUli "short rains, lesser rains"; e.g.,
This word, like * mlao, derives from an exchange with Southern Cushitic speakers, though this exchange likely dates to the proto-Wami period of a couple of centuries later than the PNECB era.
Even in the face of increasing focus on patrilineages in coastal communities, and contemporaneous exchanges with patrilineal Njombe -, Eastern-Sahelian -, and Cushitic-speaking populations on their northern and western borders, Ruvu societies did not relent from keeping the prominence of the matrilineage entrenched in their cultures.
This noun derived from an old Southern Cushitic verb that originally meant "to shout."
Because our understanding of this affliction is limited, and also because there is an overall lack of additional medicinal or medical words shared among Ruvu and Southern Cushitic speakers, many questions remain about why such a word might have been borrowed, particularly since * chilalu, which was already present in Ruvu lexis, previously named a "shouting" affliction.
For a discussion of the history of * Mulungu "God" and the acquisition of its Southern Cushitic nuance, see Ehret, African Classical Age, 167 – 8.
Instead, it appears to have been transferred into PNECB from Cushitic speakers. 90
Note 125: Southern Cushitic Ma'a roró "plain"; proto-Ruvu * - lolo "valley."
Bondei mndele "girl"; Zigula mdele, "girl"; Ehret, The Historical Reconstruction of Southern Cushitic Phonology and Vocabulary, 164.
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