Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. The monotheistic religion of the Jews, tracing its origins to Abraham and having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Hebrew Scriptures and the Talmud.
  • n. Conformity to the traditional ceremonies and rites of the Jewish religion.
  • n. The cultural, religious, and social practices and beliefs of the Jews.
  • n. The Jews considered as a people or community.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A world religion tracing its origin to the Hebrew people of the ancient Middle-East, as documented in their religious writings, the Torah or Old Testament.

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • proper n. The religious doctrines and rites of the Jews as enjoined in the laws of Moses, and for many adherents, in the Talmud.
  • proper n. Conformity to the Jewish rites and ceremonies; the practise of Judaism{1}.
  • proper n. The adherents of Judaism{1} collectively; jewry.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. The religious system and polity of the Jews, as enjoined in the laws of Moses.
  • n. Conformity to the Jewish rites and ceremonies.
  • n. A Jewish quarter or Jewry.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud
  • n. Jews collectively who practice a religion based on the Torah and the Talmud

Etymologies

Middle English Iudaisme, from Old French Judaisme, from Late Latin Iūdaismus, from Greek Ioudaismos, from Ioudaios, Jew; see Jew.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
Hebrew יְהוּדָה (Yehuda, "Judah") +‎ -ism (from Latin). (Wiktionary)

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