from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition
- n. Sexual gratification derived from inflicting or experiencing pain.
from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License
- n. A physical condition that causes a person to gain sexual pleasure by suffering pain, particularly to erogenous zones.
from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.
- n. sexual pleasure derived from inflicting or experiencing pain
The term algolagnia might properly be applied to them (and Eulenburg now classes them as "ideal algolagnia"), for they reveal an undifferentiated connection between sexual excitement and pain not developed into either active or passive participation.
Schrenck-Notzing, to cover both sadism and masochism, has invented the term algolagnia (algos, pain, and lagnos sexually excited), and calls the former active, the latter passive, algolagnia. [
Other authors prefer the narrower term algolagnia which emphasizes the pleasure in pain and cruelty, whereas the terms selected by v. Krafft-Ebing place the pleasure secured in all kinds of humility and submission in the foreground.
(This seems to indicate that the impulse was in its origin masochistic as much as sadistic, and better described as algolagnia than as sadism.)
Auto-sadism, or "auto-erotic cruelty," that is to say, injuries inflicted on a person by himself with a sexual motive, has been investigated by G. Bach (_Sexuelle Verrirungen des Menschen und der Nature_, p. 427); this condition seems, however, a form of algolagnia more masochistic than sadistic in character.
I may here narrate a case which has been communicated to me of algolagnia in a woman, combined with sexual hyperesthesia.
We have seen that the distinction between "sadism" and "masochism" cannot be maintained; not only was even De Sade himself something of a masochist and Sacher-Masoch something of a sadist, but between these two extreme groups of phenomena there is a central group in which the algolagnia is neither active nor passive.
The algolagnia, being one of the congenital conditions of my sexual instinct, must be considered fundamental, and certainly has not been eliminated.
Leaving out of account the precocious movements of the sexual instinct to which I have already referred as colored by psychic algolagnia, I may say that somewhat later, from the age of puberty and onward, I had three or four love affairs, devoid of any algolagnic tendency, and considerably more developed on the psychic and emotional, than on the physical, side.
It is in masochism, or passive algolagnia, that we may most frequently find scatalogic symbolism in its fully developed form.
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