American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Of, relating to, or designating a group of organic chemical compounds in which the carbon atoms are linked in open chains.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Of or pertaining to fat; fatty; specifically, in chem., designating compounds which have only an open chain of carbon atoms, as distinguished especially from aromatic compounds, which contain a ring of carbon atoms, he natural fats consist chiefly of compounds of this type.
- adj. organic chemistry Of a class of organic compounds in which the carbon atoms are arranged in an open chain.
- n. A compound of this type.
- n. A petroleum fraction containing no aromatic compounds
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. (Org. Chem.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, fat; fatty; -- applied to compounds having an open-chain structure. The
aliphaticcompounds thus include not only the fattyacids and other derivatives of the paraffin hydrocarbons, but also unsaturated compounds, as the ethylene and acetylene series. Compare alicyclicand aromatic.
- adj. having carbon atoms linked in open chains
- From Ancient Greek ἄλειφαρ (aleiphar, "oil, ointment"). (Wiktionary)
- From Greek aleiphar, aleiphat-, oil, from aleiphein, to anoint with oil; see leip- in Indo-European roots. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“For example, among a class of compounds known as aliphatic esters, ethyl acetate has a fruity, rummy smell.”
“And those tests, Sawyer says, are routinely turning up long-chain "aliphatic" hydrocarbons associated with liver damage.”
“In fact, petroleum distillate refers to a type of hydrocarbon which results from the processing of crude oil, and may be aliphatic or aromatic.”
“Aspiration of aliphatic hydrocarbons may result in lethargy, tremors, and, rarely, convulsions or coma.”
“The first group includes aliphatic hydrocarbons such as kerosene, mineral spirits, gasoline, naphtha and mineral seal oil.”
“Death from CNS depression following aliphatic hydrocarbon ingestion has not been reported. 3”
“Symptoms of aliphatic hydrocarbon ingestion, in the absence of toxic substituents, are confined to the gastrointestinal tract and the respiratory tract.”
“There are a number of others under investigation: oil-based emulsions, products from bacteria, liposomes, endotoxins, and aliphatic amines.”
“Isoparaffinic Hydrocarbon Solvent The patent recommends Exxsol D60 , a proprietary goo concocted by ExxonMobil Chemical and described as an "aliphatic hydrocarbon"—a hydrocarbon without aromatic ring molecules.”
“The Institute analyzed five categories of PCE alternatives for dry cleaning: hydrocarbons (HC), volatile methyl siloxanes (VMS), substituted aliphatic glycol ethers (SGE), wet cleaning, and liquid carbon dioxide (CO2).”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘aliphatic’.
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"Luciferous Logolepsy is a collection of over 9,000 obscure English words. Though the definition of an 'English' word might seem to be straightforward, it is not. There exist so many adopted, deriv...
A roster of adjectives that infrequently surface in typical conversation and writing. Many are dredged from scientific or other technical jargon or sieved from examples of disused archaic forms.
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