American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. An aromatic gum resin similar to myrrh, produced by certain Asian and African shrubs or trees of the genus Commiphora.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A name given to two aromatic gum-resins, similar to myrrh, but weaker. Indian bdellium is believed to be the product of Balsamodendron Mukul, and African bdellium of B. Africanum. They are used for the same purposes as myrrh, but chiefly as an ingredient in plasters and as a perfume. An Egyptian resin also called bdellium is obtained from the doum-palm, Hyphæne Thebaica, of Upper Egypt.
- n. Probably an aromatic gum like balsam that was exuded from a tree, probably one of several species in the genus Commiphora.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. An unidentified substance mentioned in the Bible (Gen. ii. 12, and Num. xi. 7), variously taken to be a gum, a precious stone, or pearls, or perhaps a kind of amber found in Arabia.
- n. A gum resin of reddish brown color, brought from India, Persia, and Africa.
- n. aromatic gum resin; similar to myrrh
- From Latin bdellium, from Ancient Greek βδέλλιον (bdellion), itself perhaps from Hebrew בְּדֹלַח (bdólakh). (Wiktionary)
- Middle English, from Latin, from Greek bdellion, variant of bdolkhon, of Semitic origin; akin to Akkadian budulḫu. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“It may be noticed that the resemblance of the manna to coriander seed was not in the color, but in the size and figure; and from its comparison to bdellium, which is either a drop of white gum or”
“bdellium" mentioned by Moses in Genesis is a perfuming gum, resembling frankincense, if not identical with it.”
“Parivartan Sharma/Reuters Smoke from bdellium rose from a roadside stall in New Delhi, Tuesday.”
“(Soundbite of "Crazy ABC's") Mr. ROBERTSON: "A" is for aisle, B is bdellium, C is for czar, and if you see him would you mind telling him ...”
“In the Bible the word “bdellium” is used to describe the appearance of Manna.”
“And the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.”
“They were brimful of myrobalan, bdellium, saffron, and violets.”
“The name of the first is Pison: that is it which compasseth the whole land of Hav'ilah, where there is gold; and the gold of that land is good: there is bdellium and the onyx stone.”
“¶ And the manna was as coriander seed, and the color thereof as the color of bdellium.”
“-- Ed.  "There is bdellium and the onyx-stone.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘bdellium’.
Good for intermediate and advanced spellers and anybody who wants to use words with precision
Protagonists and relevant words in the Book of Creation (Source: King James Bible)
words looked up recently from reading Guy Davenport
...with grateful thanks to telofy (for "cnidarian"), and to the song "Crazy ABC's" by Barenaked Ladies.
Words which exceed the common problems one finds in translation.
Words for things both tangible and anthropic. I'm in the process of spinning off hardware into ute, and people into oofy.
Something about these words doesn't look or feel right. And yet... they're strangely appealing.
Naturally occurring gums and resins.
Looking for tweets for bdellium.