from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. A pale to deep red or reddish-brown variety of clear chalcedony, used in jewelry.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. A hard, reddish brown chalcedony; used in jewelery,

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. A variety of chalcedony, of a clear, deep red, flesh red, or reddish white color. It is moderately hard, capable of a good polish, and often used for seals.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A siliceous stone, a variety of chalcedony, of a deep-red, flesh-red, or reddish-white color.
  • n. The beautiful red or reddish color of this stone. The distinctive colors of Cornell University are cornelian and white.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. a translucent red or orange variety of chalcedony


Middle English corneline, from Old French, from cornel, cornel, from Latin cornus.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
The red form was called carneolus in the Middle Ages, from Latin carneus "fleshy" after the color. (Wiktionary)


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