American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A moist warm wind blowing from the sea in coastal regions of the Pacific Northwest.
- n. A warm dry wind that descends from the eastern slopes of the Rocky Mountains, causing a rapid rise in temperature.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. A jargon of Indian, French, and English used as a means of communication with the native tribes in British America, and now extensively employed, especially on the northwestern Pacific coast, not only between the whites and the Indians, but also between the Indians of tribes having different languages. It is similar in character to “Pidgin English,” being made of native and foreign words grossly corrupted and often fancifully used. For example, the Chinook name for a male “Indian” is siwash, from the French sauvage; an Englishman is a King George man; a Boston man is a person from the United States; and clouds are smock (English smoke).
- n. [l. c] A name given in the extreme northwestern part of the United States to a warm, dry westerly or northerly wind which is felt at intervals, especially on the eastern slopes of the mountains. In the winter and early spring it causes a very rapid disappearance of the snow. It is similar to the foehn of Switzerland. See
- n. Canada, physics, meteorology The descending, warm, dry wind on the eastern side of the Rocky Mountains. The chinook generally blows from the southwest, but its direction may be modified by topography. When it sets in after a spell of intense cold, the temperature may rise by 20–40°F in 15 minutes due to replacement of a cold air mass with a much warmer air mass in minutes.
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Ethnol.) One of a tribe of North American Indians now living in the state of Washington, noted for the custom of flattening their skulls. Chinooks also called
- n. A warm westerly wind from the country of the Chinooks, sometimes experienced on the slope of the Rocky Mountains, in Montana and the adjacent territory.
- n. A jargon of words from various languages (the largest proportion of which is from that of the Chinooks) generally understood by all the Indian tribes of the northwestern territories of the United States.
- n. pink or white flesh of large Pacific salmon
- n. large Pacific salmon valued as food; adults die after spawning
- n. a member of an important North American Indian people who controlled the mouth of the Columbia river; they were organized into settlements rather than tribes
- n. a Penutian language spoken by the Chinook
- n. a warm dry wind blowing down the eastern slopes of the Rockies
- Short for Chinook wind. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“BELLY During the three to five years that the chinook is at sea, it feeds voraciously, building stores of fat to sustain it during its spawning run.”
“To distinguish a chinook from the closely related coho salmon, examine the gums on the lower jaw: Those of a chinook will be black; a coho's will be white.”
“These are called chinook winds, because they come from the direction of the country of the Chinook Indians.”
“In the northern part of the state the severity of the colder months is tempered by an occasional warm west wind, known as the chinook, which tempers the climate without bringing excessive moisture.”
“Ocean, also known as a chinook, that produced gusts up to 30 mph at the airport.”
“Untouched by a chinook is the muskeg, which lies between agricultural and forest lands and the Arctic.”
“3. Which fish is found in varieties called chinook, chum, coho, humpback and sockeye?”
“The name "chinook" has been given to a warm, dry wind which blows down the eastern slope of the Rocky Mountains and out upon the Great Plains.”
“Spring came to the Bad Lands in fits and numerous false starts, first the "chinook," uncovering the butte-tops between dawn and dusk, then the rushing of many waters, the flooding of low bottom-lands, the agony of a world of gumbo, and, after a dozen boreal setbacks, the awakening of green things and the return of a temperature fit for human beings to live in.”
“The snow disappears as with the sweep of a "chinook" in winter.”
These user-created lists contain the word ‘chinook’.
yet another list like this.
All salmon all the time!
Also see asativium's excellent Salmon I am list.
local wind names
Names of places, animals, plants, people, etc. found in and around Alaska.
Unusual weather and environmental phenomena.
Words for things both tangible and nonanthropic
Looking for tweets for chinook.