American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- n. A verb, such as a form of be or seem, that identifies the predicate of a sentence with the subject. Also called linking verb.
- n. Logic The word or set of words that serves as a link between the subject and predicate of a proposition.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- n. In grammar and logic, that word or part of a proposition which expresses the relation between the subject and the predicate. Thus, in the proposition “Religion is indispensable to happiness,” is is the copula joining religion, the subject, with indispensable to happiness, the predicate, and itself expressing merely the predication or assertion which is the essential element of a sentence. Any other verb is capable of being analyzed into the copula and a predicate: thus, “he lives” into “he is living,” and so on.
- n. In an organ, same as coupler.
- n. In anatomy, some coupling or connecting part, usually distinguished by a qualifying term; especially, a median bone or cartilage connecting hyoidean and branchial arches, and also uniting opposite halves of these arches respectively, as a basibranchial.
- n. In law, sexual intercourse.
- n. In botany, same as zygospore.
- n. In zoology, the cell resulting from the union of a microgamete and a macrogamete among the Sporozoa.
- n. In chem., one compound substance united with and modifying the character of another. See copulated compound.
- n. A commissure; the corpus callosum.
- n. In music, a brief connecting passage, especially between the subject and answer of a fugue. Also called codetta or conduit.
- n. Same as amboceptor.
- n. In ichthyology, same as actinost.
- n. grammar A word used to link the subject of a sentence with a predicate (usually a subject complement or an adverbial); it serves to unite (or associate) the subject with the predicate. (e.g. be).
- n. statistics A function that represents the association between two or more variables, independent of the individual marginal distributions of the variables.
- n. music A device that connects two or more keyboards of an organ
GNU Webster's 1913
- n. (Logic & Gram.) The word which unites the subject and predicate.
- n. (Mus.) The stop which connects the manuals, or the manuals with the pedals; -- called also
- n. an equating verb (such as `be' or `become') that links the subject with the complement of a sentence
- Borrowed from Latin copula ("bond, tie"). See there for details. (Wiktionary)
- Latin cōpula, link. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Copula This couples (hence the Latinate term copula) the individual probabilities associated with A and B to come up with a single number.”
“It is often an awkward task so to analyse propositions relative to past or future time as to bring out the copula under the form 'is' or 'is not': but fortunately there is no necessity for so doing, since, as has been said before (§ 188), the material form of the copula is a matter of indifference to logic.”
“The Verb, as such, is not recognised by logic, but is resolved into predicate and copula, that is to say, into a noun which is affirmed or denied of another, plus the sign of that affirmation or denial.”
“The want of a copula is another instance of the primitive character of the tongue.”
“The copula is the sign denoting that there is an affirmation or denial; and thereby enabling the hearer or reader to distinguish a proposition from any other kind of discourse.”
“Therefore the circumstance of time is properly considered as attaching to the copula, which is the sign of predication, and not to the predicate.”
“The copula is the sign denoting that there is an affirmation or denial, and thereby enabling the hearer or reader to distinguish a proposition from any other kind of discourse.”
“_ -- In this system the formal relation is taken, that is, the copula may be any whatever.”
“He decided to use a very standard type of curve - the Gaussian copula, which is better known as a bell curve, or normal distribution - to map and determine the correlation on any given portfolio of assets.”
“Feel confuses people because it can serve either as a garden-variety transitive or intransitive verb or as a slightly more rarefied "copula," or linking verb.”
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