American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition
- adj. Of, relating to, or being a light spongy bone located between the orbits, forming part of the walls and septum of the superior nasal cavity, and containing numerous perforations for the passage of the fibers of the olfactory nerves.
- n. The ethmoid bone.
Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia
- Sieve-like; cribriform: in anatomy specifically applied to a bone of the skull. See II.
- Specifically, pertaining to the ethmoid: as, the ethmoid region of the skull.
- n. A bone of the cranium, situated in the middle line of the skull, in advance of the sphenoid, above the basicranial axis, transmitting the filaments of the olfactory nerve, and constituting the bony skeleton of the organ of smell: so called because, in the human subject and mammalia generally, it has a cribriform plate perforated with numerous holes for the passage of the olfactory nerves. The human ethmoid is comparatively small, of a cubical figure, with its cribriform plate horizontal. It consists of a median perpendicular plate or mesethmoid, and of the horizontal or cribriform plate, from which latter the main body of the bone depends on either side, forming the so-called lateral masses, or ethmoturbinals. The texture of these is extremely light and spongy, full of large cavities connecting with the frontal and sphenoidal sinuses, and lined with mucous membrane, the Schneiderian membrane, upon which the olfactory nerves ramify after leaving the cavity of the cranium through the holes in the cribriform plate. (See cut under
nasal.) The so-called os planum of the ethmoid is simply the exterior surface of these lateral masses, which contributes to the inner wall of the orbit of the eye. The lateral masses are each partially divided into two, called the superior and middle turbinate bones, or scroll-bones (the inferior turbinate being a different bone), which respectively overlie the corresponding nasal meatuses. (See cut under mouth.) The ethmoid is wedged into the ethmofrontal notch of the frontal bone, and also articulates with the vomer, sphenoid, sphenoturbinals, nasals, maxillaries, lacrymals, palatals, and maxilloturbinals. It is developed from three ossific centers, one for the perpendicular plate, and one for each lateral mass. In other animals the ethmoid exhibits a wide range of variation in size, shape, and connections, and below mammals loses much or all of the particular characters it presents in man. (See cut under Esox.) It is relatively larger and more complicated in mammals of keen scent, as carnivores and ruminants.
GNU Webster's 1913
- adj. Like a sieve; cribriform.
- adj. Pertaining to, or in the region of, the ethmoid bone.
- n. (Anat.) The ethmoid bone.
- n. one of the eight bones of the cranium; a small bone filled with air spaces that forms part of the eye sockets and the nasal cavity
- From Ancient Greek ἠθμοειδής (ēthmoeidēs, "like a strainer or sieve"), from ἠθμός (ēthmos, "a strainer, colander, sieve"), from ἤθειν (ēthein, "to sift, strain"). (Wiktionary)
- French ethmoïde, from Greek ēthmoeidēs, sievelike : ēthmos, strainer (from ēthein, to sift) + -oeidēs, -oid. (American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
“Again, a line drawn through the axis of the face, between the bones called ethmoid and vomer — the “basifacial axis” (‘f e’.) forms an exceedingly obtuse angle, where, when produced, it cuts the ‘basicranial axis.’”
“In the cribriform plate of the ethmoid are the foramina for the olfactory nerves, and on the posterior part of the roof is the opening into the sphenoidal sinus.”
“Below the bulla ethmoidalis and hidden by the uncinate process of the ethmoid is the opening of the maxillary sinus (ostium maxillare); an accessory opening is frequently present above the posterior part of the inferior nasal concha.”
“Again, a line drawn through the axis of the face, between the bones called ethmoid and vomer -- the "basifacial axis" ( 'f”
“But then that one intern remembered something about a rare condition caused by pressure on the anterior ethmoid nerve in the nose.”
“| Reply | Permalink communitychest telegraph libyanfightinggroup takeoffrocket oldtimer behindhand strung unmechanized bostonterrier verticalsurface questafter salverform genusuca activist quaestor ethmoid dipsomaniac highjinks mask crudeoil dashdown archipelago keneltonkesey genussynanceja afghan asarumshuttleworthii run-resistant genustrollius gutless psychiatrist”
“The ethmoid sinuses which are right along the side of your nose and the maxillary sinuses in your cheek.”
““Humans possess a tiny, shiny crystal of magnetite in the ethmoid bone, located between your eyes, just behind the nose.””
“He sidestepped, knifing another man in the throat, as a swordsman would make his lunge, Rourke's left hand stabbing outward, the middle knuckle impacting beneath the nose of another man, breaking it, bringing the bone up and puncturing the ethmoid bone, the nose driven up into the brain, the man's eyes rolled as he fell back dead.”
“The divisions of the olfactory nerve pass through many small openings in the ethmoid bone to connect with the olfactory bulbs, which in turn connect with the cerebrum (A, Fig. 147).”
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