Definitions

from The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, 4th Edition

  • n. Anatomy A sheet or band of tough, fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages at a joint or supporting an organ.
  • n. A unifying or connecting tie or bond.

from Wiktionary, Creative Commons Attribution/Share-Alike License

  • n. band of strong tissue that holds the bones of an animal in position

from the GNU version of the Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • n. Anything that ties or unites one thing or part to another; a bandage; a bond.
  • n.
  • n. A tough band or plate of dense, fibrous, connective tissue or fibrocartilage serving to unite bones or form joints.
  • n. A band of connective tissue, or a membranous fold, which supports or retains an organ in place.

from The Century Dictionary and Cyclopedia

  • n. A connecting tie or band; anything that binds objects or their parts together; any bond of union, material or immaterial.
  • n. Specifically— In anatomy, a band of connective tissue serving to bind one part to another.
  • n. In conchology, a band of uncalcified chitinous cuticular substance which unites the valves of a bivalve shell.
  • n. Of the uterus, the fold of peritoneum which extends from the uterus to the pelvis on either side.
  • n. Of the liver, the impervious cord formed by the umbilical vein, passing from the navel to the under surface of the liver.
  • n. Of the uterus, a rounded cord on each side between the layers of the broad ligament, passing from the upper part of the womb to the internal abdominal ring and thence through the inguinal canal to the labia majora, consisting of fibrous, areolar, and some muscular tissue, with vessels and nerves inclosed in a fold of peritoneum. It corresponds in part to the spermatic cord of the male.
  • n. Of the mammæ, processes of the superficial thoracic fascia entering and supporting these glands.
  • n. Of the penis, the fibrous attachment of the root of the organ to the symphysis pubis.
  • n. Of the spleen, a fold of peritoneum connecting the spleen with the diaphragm.

from WordNet 3.0 Copyright 2006 by Princeton University. All rights reserved.

  • n. any connection or unifying bond
  • n. a sheet or band of tough fibrous tissue connecting bones or cartilages or supporting muscles or organs

Etymologies

Middle English, from Medieval Latin ligāmentum, from Latin, bandage, from ligāre, to bind; see lien.
(American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition)
From Latin ligāmentum, from ligō ("tie, bind"). (Wiktionary)

Examples

  • To fix it, he has to graft ligament to it from somewhere else on my body or use a synthetic ligament or — wait for it — he can graft bone and ligament from a cadaver.

    October 2007

  • In ground hornbills the anatomy of the quadratomandibular ligament makes it impossible for the upper jaw to be raised or lowered without an automatic lowering or raising of the lower jaw, and the ligament is so strong that the lower jaw stays connected to the skull even in dried skeletons (Burton 1984).

    Bucorvids: post-Cretaceous maniraptorans on the savannah

  • It's believed the ligament is torn, but Smith was to get

    USATODAY.com - NL East

  • —This ligament is short, flat, strong, and rhomboid in form.

    III. Syndesmology. 6. Articulations of the Upper Extremity. a. Sternoclavicular Articulation

  • It's technically known as ligament replacement surgery, but most people call the procedure that Nationals pitcher Stephen Strasburg will undergo Tommy John surgery.

    Stephen Strasburg: What is Tommy John surgery?

  • One of them was to mend a torn anterior cruciate ligament, which is the procedure Mr. Woods announced Wednesday that he will have done soon and that will cause him to miss the rest of the season.

    The Pain of a Champion

  • Doctors say that when people tear their ACL, their anterior cruciate ligament, which is what's happened here to Tiger Woods, they feel it and it pops in their knee and they can tell and it is painful.

    CNN Transcript Jun 18, 2008

  • ` ` We were worried that the ligament was a little unstable.

    USATODAY.com - Scores

  • He tore his anterior cruciate ligament, which is doctor talk for broken dreams.

    USATODAY.com - Lieberthal's season of discontent

  • Its weakest part, i. e., the part most liable to yield from overpressure, is the joint between the talus and navicular, but this portion is braced by the plantar calcaneonavicular ligament, which is elastic and is thus able to quickly restore the arch to its pristine condition when the disturbing force is removed.

    III. Syndesmology. 7j. Arches of the Foot

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